Behavior changes associated with lameness in sows

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310834

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Ala-Kurikka , E , Heinonen , M , Mustonen , K , Peltoniemi , O , Raekallio , M , Vainio , O & Valros , A 2017 , ' Behavior changes associated with lameness in sows ' , Applied Animal Behaviour Science , vol. 193 , pp. 15-20 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.03.017

Title: Behavior changes associated with lameness in sows
Author: Ala-Kurikka, Eve; Heinonen, Mari; Mustonen, Katja; Peltoniemi, Olli; Raekallio, Marja; Vainio, Outi; Valros, Anna
Contributor organization: Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki
Production Animal Medicine
Mari Heinonen / Principal Investigator
Research Centre for Animal Welfare
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Marja Raekallio / Principal Investigator
Equine and Small Animal Medicine
DAPHNE - Developing Assessment Practices in Higher Education
Outi Vainio / Principal Investigator
Laura Hänninen / Principal Investigator
Animal Reproduction Science
Teachers' Academy
Date: 2017-04-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
ISSN: 0168-1591
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.03.017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310834
Abstract: Lameness is a common health and welfare problem in sows. Little has been published about behavioral changes in lame sows. Ketoprofen is an effective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat non-infectious locomotor disorders in pigs. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of lameness and lameness-related pain on the behavior of sows. To evaluate this effect, we studied whether pain alleviation with ketoprofen and clinical relief of lameness were associated with changes in behavior. We allocated randomly 13 lame, early pregnancy sows in three treatment groups receiving either ketoprofen 4 mg/kg, ketoprofen 2 mg/kg (these two groups were pooled for statistical analyses) or placebo. The animals were treated orally for 5 days and lameness scored before and on the last day of the treatment. Lameness was assessed with a 5-grade scoring system and behavior by scan sampling method. A clinically healthy, non-lame control sow was paired with each lame sow and they were examined the same way as lame sows but received no treatment. Lame sows were more passive, they lay more and stood and explored pen fixtures less than the control sows before treatment. After 5-days treatment, placebo-treated sows were in contact with the wall and lying more often when compared to control sows. Ketoprofen-treated sows were more seldom in contact with the wall and exploring bedding more often than placebo-treated sows. Placebo sows tended also to move and explore bedding less than control sows. Lameness had been relieved in altogether 7 out of 13 sows on day 5: six out of nine ketoprofen-medicated sows and one out of four placebo-treated sows. The behaviour of sows with relieved lameness did not differ from that of control sows on day 5. Sows with non-relieved lameness were in contact with the wall and lying more and moving and standing less than control sows. When compared to control sows, sows with non-relieved lameness tended to be more passive. When compared to sows with relieved lameness, sows with non-relieved lameness showed a tendency to be in contact with the wall more often. Our study showed that lameness reduces the activity of sows and affects their position in the pen. Passive behavior seemed at least partly be due to pain and lameness relief was associated with normalization of the behavior.
Subject: sow
Lameness
Behaviour
Ketoprofen
COMMERCIAL FARMS
LACTATING SOWS
PREGNANT SOWS
CLAW LESIONS
PIGS
DISORDERS
HERDS
PAIN
KETOPROFEN
FERTILITY
413 Veterinary science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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