Health and growth of Finnish beef calves and the relation to acute phase response

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dc.contributor.author Seppä-Lassila, Leena
dc.contributor.author Eerola, Ulla
dc.contributor.author Orro, Toomas
dc.contributor.author Härtel, Heidi
dc.contributor.author Simojoki, Heli
dc.contributor.author Autio, Tiina
dc.contributor.author Pelkonen, Sinikka
dc.contributor.author Soveri, Timo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-05T08:27:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-05T08:27:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017-01
dc.identifier.citation Seppä-Lassila , L , Eerola , U , Orro , T , Härtel , H , Simojoki , H , Autio , T , Pelkonen , S & Soveri , T 2017 , ' Health and growth of Finnish beef calves and the relation to acute phase response ' , Livestock Science , vol. 196 , pp. 7-13 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2016.12.007
dc.identifier.other PURE: 80214775
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: debc4d7e-4660-4cb5-bcc1-ddf5e6982e3c
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:03734589B8347249CFB74B41DCDB4BB5
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85006836406
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000393633500002
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-4095-4461/work/49699768
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-1758-2401/work/84702438
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311051
dc.description Export Date: 20 February 2017 Correspondence Address: Seppä-Lassila, L.; Department of Production Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. BOX 57, Finland; email: leena.seppa-lassila@helsinki.fi References: Alsemgeest, S.P., Kalsbeek, H.C., Wensing, T., Koeman, J.P., van Ederen, A.M., Gruys, E., Concentrations of serum amyloid-A (SAA) and haptoglobin (HP) as parameters of inflammatory diseases in cattle (1994) Vet. Q., 16, pp. 21-23; Autio, T., Pohjanvirta, T., Holopainen, R., Rikula, U., Pentikainen, J., Huovilainen, A., Rusanen, H., Pelkonen, S., Etiology of respiratory disease in non-vaccinated, non-medicated calves in rearing herds (2007) Vet. Microbiol., 119, pp. 256-265; Bertoni, G., Ferrari, A., Gubbiotti, A., Trevisi, E., Blood indices calves: Relationship with mother values and changes in the first days of life (2009) Ital. J. Anim. 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dc.description.abstract Healthy, thriving calves are essential for beef calf production. We studied the health status and factors associated with the growth of beef calves in six cow-calf herds during the first month of the calves’ lives and at weaning age (200 days). The six herds were visited three times, when calves were approximately 3 days, 16 days and 30 days of age. On each visit calves (n=37) were clinically examined, weighed or measured, blood samples were collected, faecal samples obtained and deep nasopharyngeal swabs were taken. Each blood sample was analysed for acute phase proteins (haptoglobin, serum amyloid-A, fibrinogen), total proteins and albumin, the faecal sample for intestinal tract pathogens (rotavirus, bovine coronavirus, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella, oocysts of Eimeria coccidia and Cryptosporidium, and nematode eggs), and the nasopharyngeal swab for respiratory tract pathogens (bovine coronavirus (BCV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), bacteria and mycoplasma). Clinical diagnosis of respiratory tract disease, diarrhoea or umbilical disease was set at 15.0% for all the three consecutive examinations combined (n=107), but only few pathogens were detected from the samples. The increased levels of acute phase proteins were neither associated with any of the diseases nor with the pathogens. Random intercept linear models were used to explore factors affecting early (3–30 days) and long-term (3–200 days) growth, showing that calves with elevated serum amyloid-A concentrations at the age of 16 days had lower long-term growth. Increased albumin concentration at 30 days of age and higher parity of the dam increased early-term growth. The lack of association between a disease and the acute phase protein may stem from the low disease prevalence in the beef calves examined. The measurement of acute phase proteins of a young calf can help identify animals with possible future growth deficiencies, although the mechanisms through which the association between acute phase proteins and growth has yet to be explained. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. en
dc.format.extent 7
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Livestock Science
dc.rights cc_by_nc_nd
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Acute phase response
dc.subject Beef calf
dc.subject Growth
dc.subject Serum amyloid A
dc.subject 412 Animal science, dairy science
dc.subject 413 Veterinary science
dc.title Health and growth of Finnish beef calves and the relation to acute phase response en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Production Animal Medicine
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2016.12.007
dc.relation.issn 1871-1413
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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