Estimation of intrachromosomal inbreeding depression on female fertility using runs of homozygosity in Finnish Ayrshire cattle

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Martikainen , K , Sironen , A & Uimari , P 2018 , ' Estimation of intrachromosomal inbreeding depression on female fertility using runs of homozygosity in Finnish Ayrshire cattle ' , Journal of Dairy Science , vol. 101 , no. 12 , pp. 11097-11107 . https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14805

Title: Estimation of intrachromosomal inbreeding depression on female fertility using runs of homozygosity in Finnish Ayrshire cattle
Author: Martikainen, K.; Sironen, A.; Uimari, P.
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Animal Science Research
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences

Date: 2018-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Journal of Dairy Science
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14805
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311118
Abstract: Inbreeding increases homozygosity, which in turn increases the frequency of harmful recessive alleles, resulting in inbreeding depression. Inbreeding depression on fertility reduces the profitability of dairy farming by decreasing the lifetime milk production of cows and by increasing insemination and veterinary costs. Continuous homozygous segments, called runs of homozygosity (ROH), are currently considered to provide an effective measure of genomic inbreeding. The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of increased intrachromosomal homozygosity for female fertility in the Finnish Ayrshire population using ROH and haplotype analysis. Genotypes were obtained from 13,712 females with the Illumina BovineLD v.2 BeadChip low-density panel (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA) and imputed to 50K density. After quality control, 40,554 single nucleotide polymorphisms remained for the analysis. Phenotypic data consisted of records for nonreturn rate, intervals from first to last insemination (IFL), and intervals from calving to first insemination. The raw phenotypic values were preadjusted for systematic effects before statistical analyses. The ROH-based inbreeding coefficients (F-ROH) were used as covariats in the mixed model equation to estimate the association between inbreeding and inbreeding depression on female fertility. First, we estimated the effect of increased chromosomal F-ROH. We detected significant inbreeding depression on IFL. Based on our results, a 10% increase in F-ROH on chromosomes 2, 18, and 22 were associated with IFL of heifers lengthening by 1.6, 0.9, and 0.7 d, respectively. Similarly, a 10% increase in F-ROH on chromosome 15 was associated with IFL of second-parity cows increasing by 2.3 d. Next, we located the regions within the chromosomes showing inbreeding depression. Our analysis revealed regions near the beginning of chromosome 2 and toward the ends of chromosomes 15, 18, and 22 that were associated with inbreeding depression on IFL. Last, we performed a haplotype analysis for the detected regions. The most promising haplotypes of each region were associated with IFL of heifers increasing by 4.4, 3.2, and 4.1 d on chromosomes 2, 18, and 22, respectively. The haplotype on chromosome 15 associated with IFL of second-parity cows increasing by 7.6 d. Overall, the breeding program requires inbreeding control, as increased genomic inbreeding in our study was associated with reduced reproductive ability in Finnish Ayrshire cattle.
Subject: cattle
fertility
inbreeding
inbreeding depression
runs of homozygosity
FOLLICLE DEVELOPMENT
HOLSTEIN
ASSOCIATION
COANCESTRY
NETRIN-G1
PROMOTES
TRAITS
LENGTH
NGL-1
412 Animal science, dairy science
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