Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time : a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries

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ISCOLE Res Grp , Zakrzewski-Fruer , J K , Gillison , F B , Fogelholm , M , Kivelä , J , Räsänen , S , Roito , S , Saloheimo , T & Valta , L 2019 , ' Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time : a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 19 , 222 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6542-6

Title: Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time : a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries
Author: ISCOLE Res Grp; Zakrzewski-Fruer, Julia K.; Gillison, Fiona B.; Fogelholm, Mikael; Kivelä, Jemina; Räsänen, Sari; Roito, Sanna; Saloheimo, Taru; Valta, Leena
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, HUS Internal Medicine and Rehabilitation
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
Date: 2019-02-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311141
Abstract: BackgroundExisting research has documented inconsistent findings for the associations among breakfast frequency, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time in children. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among breakfast frequency and objectively-measured PA and sedentary time in a sample of children from 12 countries representing a wide range of human development, economic development and inequality. The secondary aim was to examine interactions of these associations between study sites.MethodsThis multinational, cross-sectional study included 6228 children aged 9-11years from the 12 International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment sites. Multilevel statistical models were used to examine associations between self-reported habitual breakfast frequency defined using three categories (breakfast consumed 0 to 2days/week [rare], 3 to 5days/week [occasional] or 6 to 7days/week [frequent]) or two categories (breakfast consumed less than daily or daily) and accelerometry-derived PA and sedentary time during the morning (wake time to 1200h) and afternoon (1200h to bed time) with study site included as an interaction term. Model covariates included age, sex, highest parental education, body mass index z-score, and accelerometer waking wear time.ResultsParticipants averaged 60 (s.d. 25) min/day in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), 315 (s.d. 53) min/day in light PA and 513 (s.d. 69) min/day sedentary. Controlling for covariates, breakfast frequency was not significantly associated with total daily or afternoon PA and sedentary time. For the morning, frequent breakfast consumption was associated witha higher proportion of time in MVPA (0.3%), higher proportion of time in light PA (1.0%) and lower min/day and proportion of time sedentary (3.4min/day and 1.3%) than rare breakfast consumption (all p0.05). No significant associations were found when comparing occasional with rare or frequent breakfast consumption, or daily with less than daily breakfast consumption. Very few significant interactions with study site were found.ConclusionsIn this multinational sample of children, frequent breakfast consumption was associated with higher MVPA and light PA time and lower sedentary time in the morning when compared with rare breakfast consumption, although the small magnitude of the associations may lack clinical relevance.Trial registrationThe International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) is registered at(Identifier NCT01722500).
Subject: Exercise
Health
Fasting
International
Nutrition
Youth
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
BODY-MASS INDEX
CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK-FACTORS
SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN
ENERGY-BALANCE
CAUSAL ROLE
CONSUMPTION
HEALTH
ADOLESCENTS
NUTRITION
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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