FOETAL for NCD-FOetal Exposure and Epidemiological Transitions : the role of Anaemia in early Life for Non-Communicable Diseases in later life: a prospective preconception study in rural Tanzania

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Hjort , L , Moller , S L , Minja , D , Msemo , O , Nielsen , B B , Christensen , D L , Theander , T , Nielsen , K , Larsen , L G , Grunnet , L G , Groop , L , Prasad , R , Lusingu , J , Schmiegelow , C & Bygbjerg , I C 2019 , ' FOETAL for NCD-FOetal Exposure and Epidemiological Transitions : the role of Anaemia in early Life for Non-Communicable Diseases in later life: a prospective preconception study in rural Tanzania ' , BMJ Open , vol. 9 , no. 5 , 024861 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024861

Title: FOETAL for NCD-FOetal Exposure and Epidemiological Transitions : the role of Anaemia in early Life for Non-Communicable Diseases in later life: a prospective preconception study in rural Tanzania
Author: Hjort, Line; Moller, Sofie Lykke; Minja, Daniel; Msemo, Omari; Nielsen, Birgitte Bruun; Christensen, Dirk Lund; Theander, Thor; Nielsen, Karsten; Larsen, Lise Grupe; Grunnet, Louise Groth; Groop, Leif; Prasad, Rashmi; Lusingu, John; Schmiegelow, Christentze; Bygbjerg, Ib C.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Centre of Excellence in Complex Disease Genetics
Date: 2019-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311146
Abstract: Purpose Low-income and middle-income countries such as Tanzania experience a high prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including anaemia. Studying if and how anaemia affects growth, placenta development, epigenetic patterns and newborns' risk of NCDs may provide approaches to prevent NCDs. Participants The FOETALforNCD (FOetal Exposure and Epidemiological Transitions: the role of Anaemia in early Life for Non-Communicable Diseases in later life) Study is a population-based preconception, pregnancy and birth cohort study (n= 1415, n= 538, n= 427, respectively), conducted in a rural region of North-East Tanzania. All participants were recruited prior to conception or early in pregnancy and followed throughout pregnancy as well as at birth. Data collection included: maternal blood, screening for NCDs and malaria, ultrasound in each trimester, neonatal anthropometry at birth and at 1 month of age, cord blood, placental and cord biopsies for stereology and epigenetic analyses. Findings to date At preconception, the average age, body mass index and blood pressure of the women were 28 years, 23 kg/m(2) and 117/75 mm Hg, respectively. In total, 458 (36.7%) women had anaemia (haemoglobin Hb <12 g/dL) and 34 (3.6%) women were HIV-positive at preconception. During pregnancy 359 (66.7%) women had anaemia of which 85 (15.8%) women had moderate-tosevere anaemia (Hb = 9 g/dL) and 33 (6.1%) women had severe anaemia (Hb = 8 g/dL). In total, 185 (34.4%) women were diagnosed with malaria during pregnancy. Future plans The project will provide new knowledge on how health, even before conception, might modify the risk of developing NCDs and how to promote better health during pregnancy. The present project ended data collection 1 month after giving birth, but follow-up is continuing through regular monitoring of growth and development and health events according to the National Road Map Strategic Plan in Tanzania. This data will link fetal adverse event to childhood development, and depending on further grant allocation, through a life course follow-up.
Subject: HUMAN FETOPLACENTAL VASCULOGENESIS
LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT
GESTATIONAL-AGE
MATERNAL HEMOGLOBIN
MICRONUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION
INCREASED RISK
PREGNANCY
INTERGROWTH-21ST
ANGIOGENESIS
STANDARDS
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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