Genetic basis of diabetic kidney disease and other diabetic complications

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Sandholm , N & Groop , P-H 2018 , ' Genetic basis of diabetic kidney disease and other diabetic complications ' , Current Opinion in Genetics & Development , vol. 50 , pp. 17-24 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gde.2018.01.002 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gde.2018.01.002

Title: Genetic basis of diabetic kidney disease and other diabetic complications
Author: Sandholm, Niina; Groop, Per-Henrik
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Clinical Research
University of Helsinki, Research Programs Unit
Date: 2018-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Current Opinion in Genetics & Development
ISSN: 0959-437X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311414
Abstract: Diabetic kidney disease and other long-term complications are common in diabetes, and comprise the main cause of co-morbidity and premature mortality in individuals with diabetes. While familial clustering and heritability have been reported for all diabetic complications, the genetic background and the molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. In recent years, genome-wide association studies have identified a few susceptibility loci for the renal complications as well as for diabetic retinopathy, diabetic cardiovascular disease and mortality. As for many complex diseases, the genetic factors increase the risk of complications in concert with the environment, and certain associations seem specific for particular conditions, for example, SP3-CDCA7 associated with end-stage renal disease only in women, or MGMT and variants on chromosome 5q13 associated with cardiovascular mortality only under tight glycaemic control. The characterization of the phenotypes is one of the main challenges for genetic research on diabetic complications, in addition to an urgent need to increase the number of individuals with diabetes with high quality phenotypic data to be included in future genetic studies.
Subject: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
MICROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS
NEUROPATHIC PAIN
RETINOPATHY
NEPHROPATHY
METAANALYSIS
SUSCEPTIBILITY
HERITABILITY
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