Poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(lactide) (PiPOx-b-PLA) Nanoparticles in Water : Interblock van der Waals Attraction Opposes Amphiphilic Phase Separation

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Pooch , F , Sliepen , M , Knudsen , K D , Nyström , B , Tenhu , H & Winnik , F M 2019 , ' Poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(lactide) (PiPOx-b-PLA) Nanoparticles in Water : Interblock van der Waals Attraction Opposes Amphiphilic Phase Separation ' , Macromolecules , vol. 52 , no. 3 , pp. 1317-1326 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.8b02558

Title: Poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(lactide) (PiPOx-b-PLA) Nanoparticles in Water : Interblock van der Waals Attraction Opposes Amphiphilic Phase Separation
Author: Pooch, Fabian; Sliepen, Marjolein; Knudsen, Kenneth D.; Nyström, Bo; Tenhu, Heikki; Winnik, Francoise M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Polymers
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Polymers
Date: 2019-02-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Macromolecules
ISSN: 0024-9297
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311473
Abstract: Poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(lactide) (PiPOx-b-PLA) diblock copolymers comprise two miscible blocks: the hydrophilic and thermosensitive PiPOx and the hydrophobic PLA, a biocompatible and biodegradable polyester. They self-assemble in water, forming stable dispersions of nanoparticles with hydrodynamic radii (R-h) ranging from similar to 18 to 60 nm, depending on their molar mass, the relative size of the two blocks, and the configuration of the lactide unit. Evidence from H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, light scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, and cryo-transmission electron microscopy indicates that the nanoparticles do not adopt the typical core-shell morphology. Aqueous nanoparticle dispersions heated from 20 to 80 degrees C were monitored by turbidimetry and microcalorimetry. Nanoparticles of copolymers containing a poly(DL-lactide) block coagulated irreversibly upon heating to 50 degrees C, forming particles' of various shapes (R-h similar to 200-500 nm). Dispersions of PiPOx-b-poly(L-lactide) coagulated to a lesser extent or remained stable upon heating. From the entire experimental evidence, we conclude that PiPOx-b-PLA nanoparticles consist of a core of PLA/PiPOx chains associated via dipole-dipole interactions of the PLA and PiPOx carbonyl groups. The core is surrounded by tethered PiPOx loops and tails responsible for the colloidal stability of the nanoparticles in water. While the core of all nanoparticles studied contains associated PiPOx and PLA blocks, fine details of the nanoparticles morphology vary predictably with the size and composition of the copolymers, yielding particles of distinctive thermosensitivity in aqueous dispersions.
Subject: DIBLOCK COPOLYMER
BLOCK-COPOLYMER
AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS
AGGREGATION BEHAVIOR
POLY(LACTIC ACID)
SELF-ASSOCIATION
MICELLES
POLYMER
CRYSTALLIZATION
POLY(2-OXAZOLINE)S
116 Chemical sciences
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