Reproductive factors and risk of melanoma : a population-based cohort study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311475

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Stoer , N C , Botteri , E , Ghiasvand , R , Busund , M , Vangen , S , Lund , E , Veierod , M B & Weiderpass , E 2019 , ' Reproductive factors and risk of melanoma : a population-based cohort study ' , British Journal of Dermatology , vol. 181 , no. 2 , pp. 282-289 . https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.17771

Title: Reproductive factors and risk of melanoma : a population-based cohort study
Author: Stoer, N. C.; Botteri, E.; Ghiasvand, R.; Busund, M.; Vangen, S.; Lund, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Weiderpass, E.
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics


Date: 2019-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: British Journal of Dermatology
ISSN: 0007-0963
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.17771
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311475
Abstract: Background The association between reproductive factors and risk of cutaneous melanoma (CM) is unclear. We investigated this issue in the Norwegian Women and Cancer cohort study. Objectives To examine the association between the reproductive factors age at menarche, menstrual cycle length, parity, age at first and last birth, menopausal status, breastfeeding duration and length of ovulatory life, and CM risk, overall and by histological subtypes and anatomical site. Methods We followed 165 712 women aged 30-75 years at inclusion from 1991-2007 to the end of 2015. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results The mean age at cohort enrolment was 49 years. During a median follow-up of 18 years, 1347 cases of CM were identified. No reproductive factors were clearly associated with CM risk. When stratifying by histological subtype we observed significant heterogeneity (P = 0 center dot 01) in the effect of length of ovulatory life on the risk of superficial spreading melanoma (HR 1 center dot 02, 95% CI 1 center dot 01-1 center dot 04 per year increase) and nodular melanoma (HR 0 center dot 97, 95% CI 0 center dot 94-1 center dot 01 per year increase). When stratifying by anatomical site, menopausal status (HR 0 center dot 54, 95% CI 0 center dot 31-0 center dot 92, postmenopausal vs. premenopausal) and menstrual cycle length (HR 1 center dot 07, 95% CI 1 center dot 01-1 center dot 13, per day increase) were associated with CM of the trunk, and significant heterogeneity between anatomical sites was observed for menopausal status (P = 0 center dot 04). Conclusions In this large population-based Norwegian cohort study, we did not find convincing evidence of an association between reproductive factors and risk of CM.
Subject: MALIGNANT-MELANOMA
REPLACEMENT THERAPY
CUTANEOUS MELANOMA
HORMONE-THERAPY
REDUCED RISK
CANCER
WOMEN
PROGESTERONE
DISEASE
GROWTH
3121 Internal medicine
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