Sport disciplines, types of sports, and waist circumference in young adulthood - a population-based twin study

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Rottensteiner , M , Makela , S , Bogl , L H , Tormakangas , T , Kaprio , J & Kujala , U M 2017 , ' Sport disciplines, types of sports, and waist circumference in young adulthood - a population-based twin study ' , European Journal of Sport Science , vol. 17 , no. 9 , pp. 1184-1193 . https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1356874

Title: Sport disciplines, types of sports, and waist circumference in young adulthood - a population-based twin study
Author: Rottensteiner, Mirva; Makela, Sara; Bogl, Leonie H.; Tormakangas, Timo; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kujala, Urho M.
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Genetic Epidemiology
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: European Journal of Sport Science
ISSN: 1746-1391
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1356874
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311494
Abstract: Purpose: The benefits of physical activity (PA) in preventing abdominal obesity are well recognized, but the role of different sport disciplines remains open. We aimed, therefore, to investigate how participation in different sport disciplines, and the number and types of sports engaged in are associated with waist circumference (WC) in young adulthood. Methods: This population-based cohort study comprised 4027 Finnish twin individuals (1874 men), with a mean age of 34 y (32-37), who answered a survey, including self-measured WC. We extracted the number and identified the types (aerobic, power, and mixed) of the different sport disciplines respondents reported participating in. Results: The number of sport disciplines participated in was inversely associated with WC, the linear decrease averaging 1.38cm (95% CI 1.10-1.65) per each additional sport discipline. The result persisted after adjustment for the main covariates, such as volume of PA and diet quality. Among dizygotic twin pairs discordant for sports participation (0-2 vs. 5 or more disciplines), the mean within-pair difference in WC was 4.8cm (95% CI 0.4-9.1) for men and 11.2cm (95% CI 4.4-18.0) for women; among discordant monozygotic pairs, no differences were observed. In men, all three types of sports were individually associated with smaller WC, while in women, only mixed and power sports showed this association. Conclusions: Participation in several sport disciplines and sport types was associated with smaller WC among young adults in their mid-30s. Shared genetic background may explain some of the associations.
Subject: Physical activity
sport disciplines
abdominal obesity
waist circumference
twin study
TIME PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
BODY-MASS INDEX
ABDOMINAL OBESITY
VISCERAL FAT
WEIGHT-GAIN
EXERCISE
RISK
ADOLESCENCE
COUNTRIES
HEALTH
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
315 Sport and fitness sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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