Mortality and health-related habits in 900 Finnish former elite athletes and their brothers

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311495

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Kontro , T K , Sarna , S , Kaprio , J & Kujala , U M 2018 , ' Mortality and health-related habits in 900 Finnish former elite athletes and their brothers ' , British Journal of Sports Medicine , vol. 52 , no. 2 , pp. 89-95 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098206

Title: Mortality and health-related habits in 900 Finnish former elite athletes and their brothers
Author: Kontro, Titta Katariina; Sarna, Seppo; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kujala, Urho M.
Contributor organization: Seppo Sarna / Principal Investigator
Clinicum
Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Genetic Epidemiology
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: British Journal of Sports Medicine
ISSN: 0306-3674
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098206
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311495
Abstract: Background There is conflicting evidence on the associations between participation in vigorous sports, health habits, familial factors and subsequent mortality. We investigated all-cause mortality and health-related behaviour among former elite athletes and their brothers. Methods The mortality of Finnish male former elite athletes, who had represented Finland between 1920 and 1965 (n=900) and their age-matched brothers (n=900), was followed from the time when athlete started an elite athlete career until 31 December 2015. The age-adjusted HRs were calculated by a paired Cox proportional hazards model. In 2001, surviving participants (n=199 athletes and n=199 age-matched brothers) reported their self-rated health (SRH), physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking habits in the questionnaire. Results During the total follow-up period, 1296 deaths (72% of the cohort) occurred. The age-adjusted HRs for all-cause mortality in former athletes was 0.75 (95% CI 0.65 to 0.87, P Conclusions Former elite athletes are more physically active, smoke less, have better self-rated health and live longer than their brothers. Genetic differences between athletes and brothers, aerobic training for endurance elite sports and a healthier lifestyle may all contribute to reduced mortality.
Subject: SELF-RATED HEALTH
DISEASE-SPECIFIC MORTALITY
ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS
CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS
RISK-FACTORS
TWIN COHORT
FOLLOW-UP
ADULTHOOD
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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