Autosomal recessive chondrodysplasia with severe short stature caused by a biallelic COL10A1 variant

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Ain , N U , Mäkitie , O & Naz , S 2018 , ' Autosomal recessive chondrodysplasia with severe short stature caused by a biallelic COL10A1 variant ' , Journal of Medical Genetics , vol. 55 , no. 6 , pp. 403-407 . https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-104885

Title: Autosomal recessive chondrodysplasia with severe short stature caused by a biallelic COL10A1 variant
Author: Ain, Noor ul; Mäkitie, Outi; Naz, Sadaf
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Lastentautien yksikkö
Children's Hospital
HUS Children and Adolescents
Date: 2018-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: Journal of Medical Genetics
ISSN: 0022-2593
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-104885
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311559
Abstract: Background Heterozygous mutations in COL10A1 underlie metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, Schmid type (MCDS), an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia. Objective To identify the causative variant in a large consanguineous Pakistani family with severe skeletal dysplasia and marked lower limb deformity. Methods Whole exome sequencing was completed followed by Sanger sequencing to verify segregation of the identified variants. In silico variant pathogenicity predictions and amino acid conservation analyses were performed. Results A homozygous c. 133 C>T (p.Pro45Ser) variant was identified in COL10A1 in all six severely affected individuals (adult heights 119-130 cm, mean similar to -6.33 SD). The individuals heterozygous for the variant had mild phenotype of short stature (adult heights 140-162 cm, mean similar to -2.15 SD) but no apparent skeletal deformities. The variant was predicted to be pathogenic by in silico prediction tools and was absent from public databases and hundred control chromosomes. Pro45 is conserved in orthologues and is located in the non-collagenous 2 domain of COL10A1, variants of which have never been associated with skeletal dysplasia. Conclusions This first report of individuals with a homozygous variant in COL10A1 defines a new type of autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia. The observations in COL10A1 variant carriers suggest a phenotypic overlap between the mildest forms of MCDS and idiopathic short stature.
Subject: 3111 Biomedicine
SCHMID METAPHYSEAL CHONDRODYSPLASIA
COLLAGEN-X
MUTATIONS
DOMAIN
CARTILAGE
NONSENSE
HAPLOINSUFFICIENCY
CHAINS
GENE
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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