Specificity and sensitivity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale for suicidal ideation among adolescents entering early intervention service

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Grano , N , Oksanen , J , Kallionpää , S & Roine , M 2017 , ' Specificity and sensitivity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale for suicidal ideation among adolescents entering early intervention service ' , Nordic Journal of Psychiatry , vol. 71 , no. 1 , pp. 72-76 . https://doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2016.1227370

Title: Specificity and sensitivity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale for suicidal ideation among adolescents entering early intervention service
Author: Grano, Niklas; Oksanen, Jorma; Kallionpää, Santeri; Roine, Mikko
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry



Date: 2017-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN: 0803-9488
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2016.1227370
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311593
Abstract: Previous studies have shown an association between hopelessness and suicidal behaviour in clinical populations. The aim of the study was to investigate sensitivity, specificity, and predictive validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) for suicidal ideation in adolescents who show early risk signs on the psychiatric disorder continuum. Three-hundred and two help-seeking adolescents (mean age=15.5 years) who were entering an early intervention team at Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland, completed questionnaires of BHS and suicidal ideation, derived from Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Results suggest that a BHS cut-off score 8 (sensitivity=0.70, specificity=0.76) or cut-off score 9 (sensitivity=0.63, specificity=0.80) may be useful to detect suicidal ideation with BHS in help-seeking adolescents population. Results remain mainly the same in a separate analysis with adolescents at risk for psychosis. The results support previous cut-off points for BHS in identification of suicidal ideation. The results suggest also that lower cut-off scores may be useful in sense of sensitivity, especially in clinical settings.
Subject: Hopelessness
suicidal ideation
specificity
sensitivity
adolescents
BENIGN BREAST DISEASE
HEALTHY-INDIVIDUALS
HIGH-RISK
SCHIZOPHRENIA
PSYCHOSIS
FINLAND
HOPELESSNESS/HELPLESSNESS
DEPRESSION
SYMPTOMS
BEHAVIOR
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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