Linking country level food supply to global land and water use and biodiversity impacts : The case of Finland

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Sandstrom , V , Kauppi , P E , Scherer , L & Kastner , T 2017 , ' Linking country level food supply to global land and water use and biodiversity impacts : The case of Finland ' , The Science of the Total Environment , vol. 575 , pp. 33-40 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.002

Title: Linking country level food supply to global land and water use and biodiversity impacts : The case of Finland
Author: Sandstrom, Vilma; Kauppi, Pekka E.; Scherer, Laura; Kastner, Thomas
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Environmental Sciences
University of Helsinki, Environmental Sciences
Date: 2017-01-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: The Science of the Total Environment
ISSN: 0048-9697
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311643
Abstract: The agricultural products consumed in Finland are increasingly grown on foreign farms. We analyze the Finnish imports of food and feed crops from 1986 to 2011 by products and by their geographic origin drawing a link to environmental impacts. The share of foreign crops consumed in Finland nearly doubled in the study period. The imports increased especially with commodities that could also be produced domestically. While the production of food increasingly shifted abroad, also the exports from Finland increased. >90% of the blue water of the Finnish crop supply came from foreignwater resources. Wemap the results of land and water use together with their impacts on global biodiversity, and show thatmost of the land and water use related biodiversity impacts (>93%) associated with the Finnish food consumption are related to the imports and therefore taken place outside the Finnish borders. The use ofmultiple environmental indicators can help identifying products and spatial hotspots associated with themost severe environmental impacts of the Finnish crop imports contributing to a more holistic decision-making and the promoting of sustainable food consumption both domestically and globally. (C) 2016 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Subject: International trade
Food supply
Land use
Blue water consumption
Biodiversity impacts
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
INTERNATIONAL-TRADE
AGRICULTURAL TRADE
FRESH-WATER
PERCEPTIONS
CONSUMPTION
FOOTPRINT
PRODUCTS
CONSERVATION
CHALLENGES
1172 Environmental sciences
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