Associations of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Trajectories with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption from Childhood to Adulthood : The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study

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Lounassalo , I , Hirvensalo , M , Kankaanpaeae , A , Tolvanen , A , Palomäki , S , Salin , K , Fogelholm , M , Yang , X , Pahkala , K , Rovio , S , Hutri-Kähönen , N , Raitakari , O & Tammelin , T H 2019 , ' Associations of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Trajectories with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption from Childhood to Adulthood : The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 16 , no. 22 , 4437 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224437

Title: Associations of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Trajectories with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption from Childhood to Adulthood : The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
Author: Lounassalo, Irinja; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Kankaanpaeae, Anna; Tolvanen, Asko; Palomäki, Sanna; Salin, Kasper; Fogelholm, Mikael; Yang, Xiaolin; Pahkala, Katja; Rovio, Suvi; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Raitakari, Olli; Tammelin, Tuija H.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2019-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1661-7827
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311652
Abstract: A physically active lifestyle and a diet rich in vegetables and fruits have a central role in promoting health. This study examined the associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) trajectories and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) from childhood to middle age. The data were drawn from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study with six age cohorts. Participants were 9 to 18 years (n = 3536; 51% females) at baseline in 1980 and 33 to 48 years at the last follow-up in 2011. LTPA and FVC were self-reported. LTPA trajectories were identified using latent profile analyses, after which the mean differences in FVC across the trajectories were studied. Active, low-active, decreasingly and increasingly active trajectories were identified for both genders. An additional trajectory describing inactivity was identified for females. Those who were persistently active or increased their LTPA had higher FVC at many ages when compared to their inactive or low-active counterparts (p <0.05). In females prior to age 42 and in males prior to age 24, FVC was higher at many ages in those with decreasing activity than in their inactive or low-active counterparts (p <0.05). The development of LTPA and FVC from childhood to middle age seem to occur in tandem.
Subject: physical activity
diet
trajectory
longitudinal
childhood
adolescence
adulthood
FOOD-FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE
HEALTH BEHAVIOR-CHANGE
DIETARY-CHANGES
18 COUNTRIES
ADOLESCENCE
VARIABLES
VALIDITY
OBESITY
GENDER
AGE
1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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