Hearing disorder from music; a neglected dysfunction

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311763

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Szibor , A , Hyvärinen , P , Lehtimäki , J , Pirvola , U , Ylikoski , M , Mäkitie , A , Aarnisalo , A & Ylikoski , J 2018 , ' Hearing disorder from music; a neglected dysfunction ' , Acta Oto-Laryngologica , vol. 138 , no. 1 , pp. 21-24 . https://doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.1367100

Title: Hearing disorder from music; a neglected dysfunction
Author: Szibor, Annett; Hyvärinen, Petteri; Lehtimäki, Jarmo; Pirvola, Ulla; Ylikoski, Matti; Mäkitie, Antti; Aarnisalo, Antti; Ylikoski, Jukka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Ear Institute
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Korva-, nenä- ja kurkkutautien klinikka
Date: 2018
Language: eng
Number of pages: 4
Belongs to series: Acta Oto-Laryngologica
ISSN: 0001-6489
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311763
Abstract: Conclusion: Music-induced acute acoustic trauma is not inevitably linked to hearing dysfunction as validated by conventional pure tone audiometry. Tinnitus is often in combination with hyperacusis. Our results point at 'silent hearing loss' as the underlying pathology, having afferent nerve terminal damage rather than hair cell loss as the structural correlate. Objectives: Exposure to loud music is one of the most common causes of acute acoustic trauma, which adolescents and teenagers experience by voluntary exposure to loud music of sound levels up to 110 dB(A). Methods: The clinical and psychophysical data of 104 consecutive patients with music-induced hearing disorder (MIHD) were analyzed to construct individual hearing and tinnitus profiles. In all cases, tinnitus was the presenting symptom. Results: Hearing abilities were normal in about two-thirds of the tinnitus patients. Tinnitus was experienced most often as a high-frequency tone (83%). The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) scores ranged from 0 to 94 with an average score of 43.1. Visual analog scales (VAS) were used to assess tinnitus loudness (average 42.4) and annoyance (average 54.2), and tinnitus awareness was estimated (average 60.3). All VAS values correlated strongly with the THI. Hyperacusis was present in 65% and 71% of the patients reported sleeping disorders.
Subject: Music-induced hearing disorder
cochlear synaptopathy
hearing loss
noise-induced hearing disorder
noise-induced hearing loss
tinnitus handicap inventory
visual analog scales
NOISE
TINNITUS
HANDICAP
3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
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