Finnish vatsa ~Sanskrit vatsá- and the formation of Indo-Iranian and Uralic languages

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Parpola , A 2017 , ' Finnish vatsa ~Sanskrit vatsá- and the formation of Indo-Iranian and Uralic languages ' , Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja , vol. 96 , pp. 245-286 . https://doi.org/10.33340/susa.70229

Title: Finnish vatsa ~Sanskrit vatsá- and the formation of Indo-Iranian and Uralic languages
Author: Parpola, Asko
Contributor organization: Department of World Cultures 2010-2017
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 42
Belongs to series: Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja
ISSN: 0355-0214
DOI: https://doi.org/10.33340/susa.70229
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311944
Abstract: Finnish vatsa ‘stomach’ < PFU *vaćća < Proto-Indo-Aryan *vatsá- ‘calf’ < PIE *vet-(e)s-ó- ‘yearling’ contrasts with Finnish vasa- ‘calf’ < Proto-Iranian *vasa- ‘calf’. Indo-Aryan -ts- versus Iranian -s- refl ects the divergent development of PIE *-tst- in the Iranian branch (> *-st-, with Greek and Balto-Slavic) and in the Indo-Aryan branch ( > *-tt-, probably due to Uralic substratum). The split of Indo-Iranian can be traced in the archaeological record to the differentiation of the Yamnaya culture in the North Pontic and Volga steppes respectively during the third millennium BCE, due to the use of separate sources of metal: the Iranian branch was dependent on the North Caucasus, while the Indo-Aryan branch was oriented towards the Urals. It is argued that the Abashevo culture of the Mid-Volga-Kama-Belaya basins and the Sejma-Turbino trade network (2200–1900 BCE) were bilingual in Proto-Indo-Aryan and PFU, and introduced the PFU as the basis of West Uralic (Volga-Finnic) into the Netted Ware Culture of the Upper Volga-Oka (1900–200 BCE).
Subject: 6121 Languages
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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