Autistic traits and sleep in typically developing adolescents

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311972

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Salmela , L , Kuula , L , Merikanto , I , Räikkönen , K & Pesonen , A-K 2019 , ' Autistic traits and sleep in typically developing adolescents ' , Sleep Medicine , vol. 54 , pp. 164-171 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2018.09.028

Title: Autistic traits and sleep in typically developing adolescents
Author: Salmela, Liisa; Kuula, Liisa; Merikanto, Ilona; Räikkönen, Katri; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Sleep Medicine
ISSN: 1389-9457
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311972
Abstract: Objective: Diagnosed autism spectrum disorders have been associated with a high prevalence of sleep problems, other psychiatric disorders and social deficits in adolescence. However, little is known about the possible connection between subclinical autistic traits and sleep. This study explored whether adolescents with elevated levels of subclinical autistic traits are at heightened risk for sleep problems. Methods: This study used data from the community cohort born in 1998. The sample consisted of 157 (57% girls) 17-year-old adolescents. Autistic traits were assessed using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale were utilized to control for comorbid psychiatric symptoms. Sleep was measured with actigraphy and sleep quality was self-rated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Associations between autistic traits and sleep were examined using logistic regression analysis. Results: Elevated levels of autistic traits were significantly associated with shorter weekday sleep duration. Moreover, autistic traits remained an independent predictor of short sleep duration when comorbid psychiatric symptoms were controlled for (OR 1.14; 95% CI: 1.03-1.26). Conclusions: The results suggest that subclinical autistic traits should be considered as a possible underlying mechanism affecting adolescent sleep. (c) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Subject: Autism
Sleep problems
Comorbidity
Adolescence
Actigraphy
SPECTRUM QUOTIENT AQ
YOUNG-ADULTS
FUNCTIONING AUTISM
POOR SLEEP
LICORICE CONSUMPTION
QUALITY INDEX
CHILDREN
PATTERNS
DISORDERS
POPULATION
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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