Protestant roots of honesty and other Finnish values

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312280

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Helkama , K & Portman , A 2019 , Protestant roots of honesty and other Finnish values . in K Sinnemäki , A Portman , J Tilli & R H Nelson (eds) , On the Legacy of Lutheranism in Finland : Societal Perspectives . Studia Fennica Historica , no. 25 , Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura , Helsinki , pp. 81-98 . https://doi.org/10.21435/sfh.25

Title: Protestant roots of honesty and other Finnish values
Author: Helkama, Klaus; Portman, Anneli
Editor: Sinnemäki, Kaius; Portman, Anneli; Tilli, Jouni; Nelson, Robert H.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
University of Helsinki, City of Helsinki
Publisher: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: On the Legacy of Lutheranism in Finland Societal Perspectives
Belongs to series: Studia Fennica Historica
ISBN: 978-951-858-135-5
978-951-858-149-2
978-951-858-150-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312280
Abstract: In this chapter, we examine the Protestant roots of four Finnish values: egalitarianism, work-related (or Protestant ethic) values, education-related values (Bildung in German, sivistys in Finnish), and honesty. We distinguish three levels: cultural, individual, and behavioural. In terms of these three levels, equality seems to be part of the cultural (behavioural) programming of the Finns as a nation, even though it does not figure prominently in the social representation of national identity or rank high in individual value hierarchies. Work-related values seem to be quite central to Finnish national identity, as well as empirically linked to honesty, also a central Finnish value. Education as a value seems to be more on a cultural level, and thus unites a more general Protestant approach, rather than being more specifically Finnish. Honesty is a value for which all three levels – national, individual, and behavioural – are in an agreement in Finland. This chapter advances evidence of a social psychological mechanism through which egalitarianism, Protestant work ethic, and education values jointly produce honesty and other ingredients of a functioning democracy. However, it should be noted that those associations are statistical and not deterministic or straightforward. The Finnish (and Nordic) honesty norm could be seen as a result of a joint influence of several values, not just attributable to the impact of one or two values.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
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