Involuntary staying and self-rated health : A multilevel study on housing, health and neighbourhood effects

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312324

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Kemppainen , T T , Elovainio , M J , Kortteinen , M M & Vaattovaara , M K 2020 , ' Involuntary staying and self-rated health : A multilevel study on housing, health and neighbourhood effects ' , Urban Studies , vol. 57 , no. 5 , pp. 1049-1067 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098019827521

Title: Involuntary staying and self-rated health : A multilevel study on housing, health and neighbourhood effects
Author: Kemppainen, Teemu Tapio; Elovainio, Marko Juhani; Kortteinen, Matti Mikael; Vaattovaara, Mari Kaarina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Urban and Regional Studies (Urbaria)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: Urban Studies
ISSN: 0042-0980
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312324
Abstract: Involuntary staying, or a desire to move without the possibility to do so, is an under-studied topic. In this study, we examine involuntary staying among the residents of post-Second World War Finnish housing estates; we study its frequency, association with self-rated health and role in the relationship between neighbourhood disadvantage and self-rated health. Involuntary staying and poor health are expected to be associated through long-term stress related to housing and health-based selection in inconvenient housing outcomes. Furthermore, we address the self-perceived reasons for involuntary staying and the interaction between involuntary staying and household income. Two types of involuntary staying are distinguished, depending on whether a resident wants to move within or away from the current neighbourhood. The survey data (n = 7369) from a stratified cluster sample of the residents of 70 Finnish housing estate neighbourhoods are combined with the corresponding geo-referenced register data on these neighbourhoods’ sociodemographic characteristics. Of the residents, 35% are found to be involuntary stayers, and over half of the involuntary stayers want to move away from their current neighbourhoods. Financial concern is the most common self-perceived reason for involuntary staying. Both types of involuntary staying are associated with low self-rated health after adjusting for potential confounders. Being trapped in the current neighbourhood partially mediates the adjusted association between neighbourhood disadvantage and self-rated health. The association between self-rated health and involuntary staying is not modified by household income. In conclusion, involuntary staying is common in the study population and furthers the understanding about neighbourhood inequalities in health.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
519 Social and economic geography
housing
moving intentions
neighbourhood effects
residential mobility
segregation
self-rated health
RESIDENTIAL-MOBILITY
SOCIAL DETERMINANTS
LIFE-COURSE
DISORDER
ASSOCIATIONS
MIGRATION
DYNAMICS
OUTCOMES
ESTATES
CONTEXT
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