Spring cereals : from dynamic ideotypes to cultivars in northern latitudes

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dc.contributor.author Mäkelä, Pirjo
dc.contributor.author Muurinen, Susanna
dc.contributor.author Peltonen-Sainio, Pirjo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-26T12:31:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-26T12:31:01Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Mäkelä , P , Muurinen , S & Peltonen-Sainio , P 2008 , ' Spring cereals : from dynamic ideotypes to cultivars in northern latitudes ' , Agricultural and Food Science , vol. 17 , no. 3 , pp. 289-306 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 953969
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1738217b-4cac-443f-bd58-4d9bf1882e12
dc.identifier.other dawa_publication: 178523
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000260514700009
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-8757-6015/work/31742875
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 54849425549
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312332
dc.description.abstract The ideotype of a crop is a model of a plant community where all necessary and beneficial traits for crop performance in a particular environment are combined. It is important to consider the environment when developing an ideotype since climatic, edaphic and agronomic features of the target region have a major role in determining crop performance. New technologies, high yielding cultivars, irrigation and water management, plant protection materials and more skilful farm management practices have increased yields and yield potentials on cereals in Finland as in many other countries. In this paper we aim to summarize traits which would be useful from the farmers' perspective. The most important trait is increased early vigour of spring cereals, including faster rate of early development and increased leaf area to improve both the resource capture of the canopy and water use efficiency. Introduction of dwarfing genes would improve lodging resistance and harvest index due to improved partitioning of dry matter into grains whereas longer coleoptiles would improve emergence and seedling establishment. Improved ability of crops to utilize stein reserves during grain filling would increase resistance against environmental stresses. All of these traits would also increase the competitive ability of the plant against weeds as well as competition within the crop canopy and are already available from non-adapted germplasm of the various spring cereal species. sv
dc.description.abstract The ideotype of a crop is a model of a plant community where all necessary and beneficial traits for crop performance in a particular environment are combined. It is important to consider the environment when developing an ideotype since climatic, edaphic and agronomic features of the target region have a major role in determining crop performance. New technologies, high yielding cultivars, irrigation and water management, plant protection materials and more skilful farm management practices have increased yields and yield potentials on cereals in Finland as in many other countries. In this paper we aim to summarize traits which would be useful from the farmers' perspective. The most important trait is increased early vigour of spring cereals, including faster rate of early development and increased leaf area to improve both the resource capture of the canopy and water use efficiency. Introduction of dwarfing genes would improve lodging resistance and harvest index due to improved partitioning of dry matter into grains whereas longer coleoptiles would improve emergence and seedling establishment. Improved ability of crops to utilize stein reserves during grain filling would increase resistance against environmental stresses. All of these traits would also increase the competitive ability of the plant against weeds as well as competition within the crop canopy and are already available from non-adapted germplasm of the various spring cereal species. fi
dc.description.abstract The ideotype of a crop is a model of a plant community where all necessary and beneficial traits for crop performance in a particular environment are combined. It is important to consider the environment when developing an ideotype since climatic, edaphic and agronomic features of the target region have a major role in determining crop performance. New technologies, high yielding cultivars, irrigation and water management, plant protection materials and more skilful farm management practices have increased yields and yield potentials on cereals in Finland as in many other countries. In this paper we aim to summarize traits which would be useful from the farmers' perspective. The most important trait is increased early vigour of spring cereals, including faster rate of early development and increased leaf area to improve both the resource capture of the canopy and water use efficiency. Introduction of dwarfing genes would improve lodging resistance and harvest index due to improved partitioning of dry matter into grains whereas longer coleoptiles would improve emergence and seedling establishment. Improved ability of crops to utilize stein reserves during grain filling would increase resistance against environmental stresses. All of these traits would also increase the competitive ability of the plant against weeds as well as competition within the crop canopy and are already available from non-adapted germplasm of the various spring cereal species. en
dc.format.extent 18
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Agricultural and Food Science
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 414 Agricultural biotechnology
dc.subject 411 Agriculture and forestry
dc.title Spring cereals : from dynamic ideotypes to cultivars in northern latitudes en
dc.type Review Article
dc.contributor.organization Kasvipatologia, Valkonen Jari (-2009)
dc.contributor.organization Plant Production Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Crop Science Research Group
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 1459-6067
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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