The genetic aetiology of retinal degeneration in children in Finland – new founder mutations identified

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312987

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Avela , K , Salonen-Kajander , R , Laitinen , A , Ramsden , S , Barton , S & Rudanko , S-L 2019 , ' The genetic aetiology of retinal degeneration in children in Finland – new founder mutations identified ' , Acta ophthalmologica , vol. 97 , no. 8 , pp. 805-814 . https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.14128

Title: The genetic aetiology of retinal degeneration in children in Finland – new founder mutations identified
Author: Avela, Kristiina; Salonen-Kajander, Riitta; Laitinen, Arja; Ramsden, Simon; Barton, Stephanie; Rudanko, Sirkka-Liisa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology
Date: 2019-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Acta ophthalmologica
ISSN: 0001-639X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312987
Abstract: Purpose To study the genetic aetiology and phenotypes of retinal degeneration (RD) in Finnish children born during 1993-2009. Methods Children with retinal degeneration (N = 68) were investigated during 2012-2014 with a targeted gene analysis or a next-generation sequencing (NGS) based gene panel. Also, a full clinical ophthalmological examination was performed. Results The cohort covered 44% (68/153) of the Finnish children with inherited RD born 1993-2009. X-linked retinoschisis, retinitis pigmentosa, Leber congenital amaurosis and cone-rod dystrophy were the most common clinical diagnoses in the study group. Pathogenic mutations were found in 17 retinal genes. The molecular genetic aetiology was identified in 77% of the patients (in 77% of the families) analysed by NGS method. Several founder mutations were detected including three novel founder mutations c.148delG in TULP1, c.2314C>R (p.Gln772Ter) in RPGRIP1 and c.533G>A (Trp178Ter) in TYR. We also confirmed the previous tentative finding of c.2944 + 1delG in GYCU2D being the most frequent cause of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) in Finland. Conclusions Globally, RD is genetically heterogeneous with over 260 disease genes reported so far. This was shown not to be the case in Finland, where the genetic aetiology of RD is caused by a small group of genes, due to several founder mutations that are enriched in the population. We found that X-chromosomal retinoschisis constitutes the major group in Finnish paediatric RD population and is almost exclusively caused by two founder mutations. Several other founder mutations were detected including three novel founder mutations. All in all, the genetic aetiology of 77% of families was identified which is higher than previously reported from other populations, likely due to the specific genomic constitution of the Finns.
Subject: 3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
BLINDNESS
FOUNDER MUTATION
molecular genetic aetiology
Next-generation sequencing
paediatric retinal degeneration
VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
blindness
founder mutation
molecular genetic aetiology
next-generation sequencing
paediatric retinal degeneration
visual impairment
RETINITIS-PIGMENTOSA
VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
PREVALENCE
PHENOTYPE
RETINOSCHISIS
TULP1
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