Reflectance Spectra of Seven Lunar Swirls Examined by Statistical Methods : A Space Weathering Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313044

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Chrbolková , K , Kohout , T & Ďurech , J 2019 , ' Reflectance Spectra of Seven Lunar Swirls Examined by Statistical Methods : A Space Weathering Study ' , Icarus , vol. 333 , no. Nov 2019 , pp. 516-527 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2019.05.024

Title: Reflectance Spectra of Seven Lunar Swirls Examined by Statistical Methods : A Space Weathering Study
Author: Chrbolková, Katerina; Kohout, Tomas; Ďurech, Josef
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
Date: 2019-11-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Icarus
ISSN: 0019-1035
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313044
Abstract: Higher magnetic field in lunar swirls is believed to deflect majority of incoming charged particles away from the lunar-swirl surfaces. As a result, space weathering inside and outside swirls should be different. We wanted to evaluate these differences, therefore we have examined seven swirl areas on the Moon (four mare and three highland swirls). We applied the Modified Gaussian Model to statistical sets of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper spectra. Using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), we were able to distinguish the old (weathered) material from both the fresh crater and swirl materials. The swirls did not follow the same behavior as the fresh material, nor were they fully separable. Additionally, we could distinguish between the mare and highland swirls (mare/highland dichotomy) based on the PCA and histogram plots of the albedo and strength of the 1000-nm absorption band. The mare/highland dichotomy can partially be caused by different FeO content in maria and highlands, which points to the existence of a threshold value that changes the spectral evolution due to space weathering. Slope behavior seemed to be dependent on whether the swirl was on the near- or far-side of the Moon, likely due to shielding of lunar nearside by Earth's magnetotail. Our results thus favor the solar wind stand-off hypothesis in combination with the fine dust transport hypothesis and point to the fact that micrometeoroid impacts generally do not reproduce the same weathering trends as all the space weathering effects together.
Subject: 115 Astronomy, Space science
space weathering
Moon
spectrum
1171 Geosciences
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