Import of community-associated, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to Europe through skin and soft-tissue infection in intercontinental travellers, 2011-2016

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313109

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StaphTrav Network , Nurjadi , D , Fleck , R , Kantele , A & Zanger , P 2019 , ' Import of community-associated, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to Europe through skin and soft-tissue infection in intercontinental travellers, 2011-2016 ' , Clinical Microbiology and Infection , vol. 25 , no. 6 , pp. 739-746 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2018.09.023

Title: Import of community-associated, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to Europe through skin and soft-tissue infection in intercontinental travellers, 2011-2016
Author: StaphTrav Network; Nurjadi, D.; Fleck, R.; Kantele, A.; Zanger, P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Medicine
Date: 2019-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
ISSN: 1198-743X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313109
Abstract: Objectives: Recently, following import by travel and migration, epidemic community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has caused nosocomial outbreaks in Europe, sometimes with a fatal outcome. We describe clinico-epidemiological characteristics of CA-MRSA detected by the European Network for the Surveillance of imported S. aureus (www.staphtrav.eu) from May 2011 to November 2016. Methods: Sentinel surveillance at 13 travel clinics enrolling patients with travel-associated skin and soft-tissue infection (SSTI) and analysing lesion and nose swabs at one central laboratory. Results: A total of 564 independent case-patients with SSTI were enrolled and had 374 (67%) S. aureus-positive lesions, of which 14% (51/374) were MRSA. The majority of CA-MRSA isolates from SSTI were Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL)-positive (43/51, 84%). The risk of methicillin-resistance in imported S. aureus varied by travel region (p Conclusions: Travel-associated CA-MRSA SSTI is a transmissible condition that leads to medical consultations and colonization of the infected host. (c) 2018 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Communicable disease control
Communicable diseases (emerging)
Cross-sectional studies
Emerging
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Panton-Valentine leucocidin sentinel surveillance
Staphylococcal skin infections
Travel medicine
VALENTINE LEUKOCIDIN GENES
MULTIPLEX PCR ASSAY
MRSA USA300
OUTBREAK
TRANSMISSION
PREVALENCE
SPREAD
CLONE
DISCRIMINATION
CARRIAGE
3111 Biomedicine
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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