Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity

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Thakur , M P , Phillips , H R P , Brose , U , De Vries , F T , Lavelle , P , Loreau , M , Mathieu , J , Mulder , C , Van der Putten , W H , Rillig , M C , Wardle , D A , Bach , E M , Bartz , M L C , Bennett , J M , Briones , M J I , Brown , G , Decaëns , T , Eisenhauer , N , Ferlian , O , Guerra , C A , König-Ries , B , Orgiazzi , A , Ramirez , K S , Russell , D J , Rutgers , M , Wall , D H & Cameron , E K 2020 , ' Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity ' , Biological Reviews , vol. 95 , no. 2 , pp. 350-364 . https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12567

Title: Towards an integrative understanding of soil biodiversity
Author: Thakur, Madhav P.; Phillips, Helen R. P.; Brose, Ulrich; De Vries, Franciska T.; Lavelle, Patrick; Loreau, Michel; Mathieu, Jerome; Mulder, Christian; Van der Putten, Wim H.; Rillig, Matthias C.; Wardle, David A.; Bach, Elizabeth M.; Bartz, Marie L. C.; Bennett, Joanne M.; Briones, Maria J. I.; Brown, George; Decaëns, Thibaud; Eisenhauer, Nico; Ferlian, Olga; Guerra, Carlos António; König-Ries, Birgitta; Orgiazzi, Alberto; Ramirez, Kelly S.; Russell, David J.; Rutgers, Michiel; Wall, Diana H.; Cameron, Erin K.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Biological Reviews
ISSN: 1464-7931
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313226
Abstract: Soil is one of the most biodiverse terrestrial habitats. Yet, we lack an integrative conceptual framework for understanding the patterns and mechanisms driving soil biodiversity. One of the underlying reasons for our poor understanding of soil biodiversity patterns relates to whether key biodiversity theories (historically developed for aboveground and aquatic organisms) are applicable to patterns of soil biodiversity. Here, we present a systematic literature review to investigate whether and how key biodiversity theories (species-energy relationship, theory of island biogeography, metacommunity theory, niche theory and neutral theory) can explain observed patterns of soil biodiversity. We then discuss two spatial compartments nested within soil at which biodiversity theories can be applied to acknowledge the scale-dependent nature of soil biodiversity.
Subject: BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES
BELOW-GROUND BIODIVERSITY
BETA DIVERSITY
DISPERSAL LIMITATION
ECOSYSTEM ENGINEERS
MACROECOLOGICAL PATTERNS
MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES
PLANT DIVERSITY
PRODUCTIVITY GRADIENT
UNIFIED-NEUTRAL-THEORY
alpha diversity
beta diversity
biodiversity theory
metacommunity theory
neutral theory
niche theory
spatial scale
species-energy relationship
theory of island biogeography
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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