Work careers in adults separated temporarily from their parents in childhood during World War II

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313331

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Salonen , M K , von Bonsdorff , M B , Kautiainen , H , von Bonsdorff , M E , Kajantie , E , Wasenius , N S , Pesonen , A , Raikkonen , K & Eriksson , J G 2019 , ' Work careers in adults separated temporarily from their parents in childhood during World War II ' , Journal of Psychosomatic Research , vol. 118 , pp. 63-68 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.01.014

Title: Work careers in adults separated temporarily from their parents in childhood during World War II
Author: Salonen, Minna K.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.; Kautiainen, Hannu; von Bonsdorff, Monika E.; Kajantie, Eero; Wasenius, Niko S.; Pesonen, Anukatriina; Raikkonen, Katri; Eriksson, Johan G.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Lastentautien yksikkö
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Johan Eriksson / Principal Investigator
Date: 2019-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
ISSN: 0022-3999
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313331
Abstract: Introduction: Traumatic experiences, such as separation from parents in childhood causing early life stress (ELS) may increase the risk of adverse long-term health outcomes and biological age-related changes. This may have an impact on work career. Our aim was to examine long term consequences of ELS due to temporary separation from parents during World War II (WWII) in relation to work career. Material and methods: The Helsinki Birth Cohort Study comprises 13,345 individuals born in Helsinki, Finland, between the years 1934-1944. From the original cohort, 1781 individuals were identified as being separated temporarily from their parents due to World War II. Information on date and type of pension was provided by the Finnish Centre for Pensions and the Social Insurance Institution of Finland. The cohort members either transitioned into old age pension at the statutory retirement age or retired earlier and transitioned into disability, unemployment, part-time pension or died before retirement. Results: Those who were separated were more likely to have transitioned into disability pension (RRR: 1.26: 95% CI: 1.06-1.48), especially due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system (OR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.20-2.07), or into unemployment pension (RRR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.02-1.53) compared with those not separated from their parents. Longer duration of separation was associated with early exit from the workforce compared with non-separation. Conclusions: Exposure to ELS may have an impact upon lifetime work career. Early interventions preventing exposure to ELS or mitigating its negative effects may prolong future work careers along with healthier aging across the life-span.
Subject: Aging
Chronic disease
Labor force
Life cycle
Life stress
Separation
EARLY-LIFE STRESS
MENTAL-DISORDERS
ADVERSITY
CHILDREN
HEALTH
EXPERIENCES
DISABILITY
RISK
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
PREVALENCE
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
515 Psychology
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