Vitamin C may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients : a meta-regression analysis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313347

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Hemilä , H & Chalker , E 2020 , ' Vitamin C may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients : a meta-regression analysis ' , Journal of Intensive Care , vol. 8 , no. 1 , 15 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s40560-020-0432-y

Title: Vitamin C may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients : a meta-regression analysis
Author: Hemilä, Harri; Chalker, Elizabeth
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Harri Hemilä / Principal Investigator
Date: 2020-02-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Journal of Intensive Care
ISSN: 2052-0492
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313347
Abstract: Background Our recent meta-analysis indicated that vitamin C may shorten the length of ICU stay and the duration of mechanical ventilation. Here we analyze modification of the vitamin C effect on ventilation time, by the control group ventilation time (which we used as a proxy for severity of disease in the patients of each trial). Methods We searched MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and reference lists of relevant publications. We included controlled trials in which the administration of vitamin C was the only difference between the study groups. We did not limit our search to randomized trials and did not require placebo control. We included all doses and all durations of vitamin C administration. One author extracted study characteristics and outcomes from the trial reports and entered the data in a spreadsheet. Both authors checked the data entered against the original reports. We used meta-regression to examine whether the vitamin C effect on ventilation time depends on the duration of ventilation in the control group. Results We identified nine potentially eligible trials, eight of which were included in the meta-analysis. We pooled the results of the eight trials, including 685 patients in total, and found that vitamin C shortened the length of mechanical ventilation on average by 14% (P = 0.00001). However, there was significant heterogeneity in the effect of vitamin C between the trials. Heterogeneity was fully explained by the ventilation time in the untreated control group. Vitamin C was most beneficial for patients with the longest ventilation, corresponding to the most severely ill patients. In five trials including 471 patients requiring ventilation for over 10 h, a dosage of 1-6 g/day of vitamin C shortened ventilation time on average by 25% (P <0.0001). Conclusions We found strong evidence that vitamin C shortens the duration of mechanical ventilation, but the magnitude of the effect seems to depend on the duration of ventilation in the untreated control group. The level of baseline illness severity should be considered in further research. Different doses should be compared directly in future trials.
Subject: Antioxidants
Burns
Artificial respiration
Cardiac surgical procedures
Critical care
Dietary supplements
Oxidative stress
Meta-analysis
Sepsis
Systematic review
ASCORBIC-ACID
ANTIOXIDANT SUPPLEMENTATION
ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION
PLASMA
METAANALYSIS
SMOKERS
PLACEBO
STRESS
SEPSIS
TRIAL
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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