Ramsay Hunt syndrome : characteristics and patient self-assessed long-term facial palsy outcome

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Kanerva , M , Jones , S & Pitkäranta , A 2020 , ' Ramsay Hunt syndrome : characteristics and patient self-assessed long-term facial palsy outcome ' , European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology , vol. 277 , no. 4 , pp. 1235-1245 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-05817-y

Title: Ramsay Hunt syndrome : characteristics and patient self-assessed long-term facial palsy outcome
Author: Kanerva, Mervi; Jones, Sanna; Pitkäranta, Anne
Contributor organization: Korva-, nenä- ja kurkkutautien klinikka
HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki
Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
ISSN: 0937-4477
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-05817-y
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/313981
Abstract: Purpose To explore the characteristics, medical treatments, and long-term facial palsy outcome in Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Methods Patient questionnaire including self-assessment of long-term facial palsy outcome and retrospective chart review. Initial facial palsy grade was compared to self-assessed or patient record stated palsy outcome. Occurrence of different characteristics (blisters, hearing loss, vertigo, etc.) of the syndrome were assessed. Results Altogether 120 patients were included of which 81 answered the questionnaire. All but one patient had received virus medication (aciclovir, valaciclovir), and half received simultaneous corticosteroids. If the medication was started within 72 h of Ramsay Hunt diagnosis, facial palsy recovered totally or with only slight sequelae in over 80% of the patients. Only a minority of the patients experienced varicella blisters simultaneously with facial palsy, blisters more often preceded or followed the palsy. Approximately 20% of the patients had their blisters in hidden places in the ear canal or mouth. Conclusions The long-term outcome of facial palsy in medically treated Ramsay Hunt syndrome was approaching the outcome of Bell's palsy. It is crucial to ask and inform the patient about the blisters and look for them since, more often than not, the blisters precede or follow the palsy and can be in areas not easily seen.
Subject: Herpes zoster oticus
Facial paralysis
Varicella-Zoster virus
Facial grading
Facial sequelae
3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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