Transnational municipal networks and climate change adaptation : A study of 377 cities

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314135

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Heikkinen , M , Karimo , A , Klein , J , Juhola , S & Ylä-Anttila , T 2020 , ' Transnational municipal networks and climate change adaptation : A study of 377 cities ' , Journal of Cleaner Production , vol. 257 , 120474 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120474

Title: Transnational municipal networks and climate change adaptation : A study of 377 cities
Author: Heikkinen, Milja; Karimo, Aasa; Klein, Johannes; Juhola, Sirkku; Ylä-Anttila, Tuomas
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, Political Science
University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)





Date: 2020-06-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Journal of Cleaner Production
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120474
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314135
Abstract: Cities have increasingly recognised the risks posed by climate change and the need to adapt. To support climate action, cities have formed cooperative networks such as the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, the Global Covenant of Mayors and the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives. However, a lack of scientific evidence exists when it comes to the actual impact of network participation, especially in the context of adaptation. This study is the first to test statistically the association between network membership and progress in adaptation planning in 377 cities globally. The results show that network members are more likely to have started the adaptation process than other cities, and that being a member of multiple networks is associated with higher levels of adaptation planning. Moreover, cities in wealthier countries are more likely to be more advanced in adaptation planning than others. We consider the possible explanations for these results based on the previous literature and information gathered from the networks. The main implications of our study are that network organisations should consider how to encourage the adaptation process among their members and the increased involvement of cities from lower-income countries.
Subject: Climate change adaptation
City networks
Adaptation planning
C40 network
Global covenant of mayors
ICLEI
1172 Environmental sciences
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