Field trial to evaluate the effect of an intranasal respiratory vaccine protocol on bovine respiratory disease incidence and growth in a commercial calf rearing unit

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314164

Citation

Sandelin , A , Härtel , H , Seppä-Lassila , L , Kaartinen , L , Rautala , H , Soveri , T & Simojoki , H 2020 , ' Field trial to evaluate the effect of an intranasal respiratory vaccine protocol on bovine respiratory disease incidence and growth in a commercial calf rearing unit ' , BMC Veterinary Research , vol. 16 , no. 1 , 73 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02294-7

Title: Field trial to evaluate the effect of an intranasal respiratory vaccine protocol on bovine respiratory disease incidence and growth in a commercial calf rearing unit
Author: Sandelin, Atte; Härtel, Heidi; Seppä-Lassila, Leena; Kaartinen, Liisa; Rautala, Helena; Soveri, Timo; Simojoki, Heli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Ruminant health
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
Date: 2020-03-04
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: BMC Veterinary Research
ISSN: 1746-6148
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314164
Abstract: BackgroundBovine respiratory disease (BRD) continues to be great challenge in calf rearing units. The urgent need to decrease the use of antibiotics and increase animal welfare in beef production has forced us to introduce new preventive methods. Vaccinations could contribute to the solution, but the high incidence of BRD already at an early age has made it difficult to introduce suitable vaccination programs. Challenge studies have shown promising results in 3-14day old calves vaccinated with intranasal BRD vaccine, but very few field trials are available to assess the efficacy of the intranasal vaccines in field conditions. We evaluated the effect of one dose of commercial intranasal vaccination on calf mortality, daily gain, and treatment incidence for BRD in one calf rearing unit. In total, 497 calves (mean age 19days) were included in our study, 247 of which were vaccinated at the time of arrival to the unit and 250 served as negative controls (unvaccinated). Vaccinated and unvaccinated calves were situated in separate compartments until weaning. Daily gain, treatment incidence, and mortality were recorded until the calves were transported to the finishing unit, which averaged 154.5days from arrival.ResultsAverage daily gain over the complete study period was 1151.9g/day (SD 137.9) for the vaccinated calves and 1139.5g/day (SD 135.9) for the unvaccinated calves. Intranasal vaccination combined with older arrival age (17days or older) resulted in a higher daily gain (47.8g/day) compared with unvaccinated calves (coef. 0.0478, p=0.003). This association was not recorded in calves that were younger than 17days upon arrival. Intranasal vaccination was not significantly associated either with mortality (OR 0.976, p=0.968) or treatment incidence for BRD (OR 1.341, p=0.120). In total, six vaccinated calves (2.43%) and six unvaccinated calves (2.40%) died during the study period.ConclusionsVaccinating arriving calves with intranasal vaccine in the calf rearing unit did not decrease the mortality or treatment incidence for BRD, but it significantly improved the weight gain in calves transported to the unit at the age of 17days or older.
Subject: Intranasal vaccination
Bovine respiratory disease
BRD
Morbidity
Mortality
Calf rearing unit
SYNCYTIAL VIRUS-VACCINE
ACUTE-PHASE PROTEINS
RISK-FACTORS
CALVES
MORTALITY
EFFICACY
MORBIDITY
INFECTION
PATHOGENS
RESPONSES
413 Veterinary science
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
BMC_Veterinary_Research_16_73.pdf 418.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record