Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Feeding Practices in Finnish preschools

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314218

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Lehto , R , Lehto , E , Konttinen , H , Vepsalainen , H , Nislin , M , Nissinen , K , Vepsalainen , C , Koivusilta , L , Erkkola , M , Roos , E & Ray , C 2019 , ' Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Feeding Practices in Finnish preschools ' , Scandinavian Journal of Public Health , vol. 47 , no. 5 , pp. 548-556 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494819832114

Title: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Feeding Practices in Finnish preschools
Author: Lehto, Reetta; Lehto, Elviira; Konttinen, Hanna; Vepsalainen, Henna; Nislin, Mari; Nissinen, Kaija; Vepsalainen, Ciara; Koivusilta, Leena; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Roos, Eva; Ray, Carola
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Education
University of Helsinki, Sociology
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Education University of Hong Kong
University of Helsinki, Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2019-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 1403-4948
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314218
Abstract: Aims: Certain feeding practices, such as role modeling healthy eating and encouragement are recommended to be used in preschools. Little is known about whether preschool characteristics are associated with the use of these feeding practices. Our aim was to examine whether the socioeconomic status (SES) of the preschool neighborhood is associated with the feeding practices in preschools. Methods: This study was part of the cross-sectional DAGIS study. We studied 66 municipal preschools and 378 early childhood educators (ECEs). Preschool neighborhood SES was assessed with map grid data. Feeding practices were assessed by questionnaires and lunchtime observation. Associations between preschool neighborhood SES and feeding practices were tested with logistic regression analyses adjusted for ECEs' educational level and municipal policies on ECEs' lunch prices, and on birthday foods. Results: The crude model showed that in high-SES neighborhood preschools ECEs were more likely to eat the same lunch as the children (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.42-4.24) and to reward children with other food for eating vegetables (OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.40-4.41). Furthermore, in high-SES preschools it was less likely that birthday foods outside of the normal menu were available on birthdays (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.12-0.71). In the adjusted model, rewarding with other food remained associated with preschool neighborhood SES (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.12-4.07). Conclusions: After adjustments, preschool neighborhood SES was mostly unassociated with the feeding practices in preschools. Municipal policies may have a significant impact on feeding practices and ultimately on young children's food intake in Finland where most children attend municipal preschools.
Subject: Feeding practices
preschool
staff
neighborhood socioeconomic status
CHILD-CARE SETTINGS
NUTRITION PRACTICES
OBESITY PREVENTION
DIETARY-INTAKE
FOOD
MEALTIME
ENVIRONMENT
POLICIES
CENTERS
ENERGY
3143 Nutrition
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