Crowdsourcing using brain signals

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202004211903
Title: Crowdsourcing using brain signals
Author: Davis, Keith III
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2020
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202004211903
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314283
Thesis level: master's thesis
Discipline: Tietojenkäsittelytiede
Abstract: We study the use of data collected via electroencephalography (EEG) to classify stimuli presented to subjects using a variety of mathematical approaches. We report an experiment with three objectives: 1) To train individual classifiers that reliably infer the class labels of visual stimuli using EEG data collected from subjects; 2) To demonstrate brainsourcing, a technique to combine brain responses from a group of human contributors each performing a recognition task to determine classes of stimuli; 3) To explore collaborative filtering techniques applied to data produced by individual classifiers to predict subject responses for stimuli in which data is unavailable or otherwise missing. We reveal that all individual classifier models perform better than a random baseline, while a brainsourcing model using data from as few as four participants achieves performance superior to any individual classifier. We also show that matrix factorization applied to classifier outputs as a collaborative filtering approach achieves predictive results that perform better than random. Although the technique is fairly sensitive to the sparsity of the dataset, it nonetheless demonstrates a viable proof-of-concept and warrants further investigation.
Subject: crowdsourcing
EEG
machine learning
BCI
collaborative filtering


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