The Post-Anthropocene Diet : Navigating Future Diets for Sustainable Food Systems

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314491

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Mazac , R & Tuomisto , H L 2020 , ' The Post-Anthropocene Diet : Navigating Future Diets for Sustainable Food Systems ' , Sustainability , vol. 12 , no. 6 , 2355 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062355

Title: The Post-Anthropocene Diet : Navigating Future Diets for Sustainable Food Systems
Author: Mazac, Rachel; Tuomisto, Hanna L.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2020-03-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Sustainability
ISSN: 2071-1050
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314491
Abstract: This article examines how future diets could reduce the environmental impacts of food systems, and thus, enable movement into the post-Anthropocene. Such non-anthropocentric diets are proposed to address global food systems challenges inherent in the current geological epoch known as the Anthropocene-a period when human activity is the dominant cause of environmental change. Using non-anthropocentric indigenous worldviews and object-oriented ecosophy, the article discusses changes in ontologies around diets to consider choices made in the present for sustainable future food systems. This article conceptually addresses, how can pre-Anthropocene ontologies guide an exit of current approaches to diets? Considering temporality, what post-Anthropocene ontologies are possible in future diets for sustainable food systems? Through the ontological positions defining three distinct temporalities, considerations for guiding future diets in(to) the post-Anthropocene are proposed. Indigenous ontologies are presented as pre-Anthropocene examples that depict humans and non-humans in relational diets. Underlying Anthropocene ontologies define current unsustainable diets. These ontologies are described to present the context for the food systems challenges this article aims to address. A post-Anthropocene illustration then employs object-oriented ecosophy along with indigenous ontologies as theoretical foundations for shifting from the dominant neoliberal paradigm in current ontologies. Ontologically-based dietary guidelines for the post-Anthropocene diet present the ontological turns, consideration of temporality, and outline technological orientations proposed for sustainable future food systems. This is a novel attempt to integrate non-anthropocentric theories to suggest possible futures for human diets in order to exit the Anthropocene epoch. These non-anthropocentric ontologies demonstrate how temporal considerations and relational worldviews can be guidelines for transforming diets to address public health concerns, the environmental crisis, and socioeconomic challenges.
Subject: sustainable diets
Anthropocene
indigenous ontologies
temporality
sustainable futures
CLIMATE-CHANGE
NUTRITION
IMPACTS
HEALTH
SHIFT
3143 Nutrition
415 Other agricultural sciences
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