Enchytraeus crypticus avoid soil spiked with microplastic

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Pflugmacher, Stephan
dc.contributor.author Huttunen, Johanna
dc.contributor.author van Wollf, Marya-Anne
dc.contributor.author Penttinen, Olli-Pekka
dc.contributor.author Kim, Yongjun
dc.contributor.author Kim, Sanghun
dc.contributor.author Mitrovic, Simon
dc.contributor.author Esterhuizen, Maranda
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-07T10:09:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-07T10:09:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-03
dc.identifier.citation Pflugmacher , S , Huttunen , J , van Wollf , M-A , Penttinen , O-P , Kim , Y , Kim , S , Mitrovic , S & Esterhuizen , M 2020 , ' Enchytraeus crypticus avoid soil spiked with microplastic ' , Toxics , vol. 8 , no. 1 , 10 , pp. 1-10 . https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8010010
dc.identifier.other PURE: 131862666
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 4e946d82-2173-439e-8da5-04dec2f6997e
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000523489600012
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-6652-0875/work/73630711
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-2342-3941/work/73633430
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/314722
dc.description.abstract Microplastics (MPs) of varying sizes are widespread pollutants in our environment. The general opinion is that the smaller the size, the more dangerous the MPs are due to enhanced uptake possibilities. It would be of considerable ecological significance to understand the response of biota to microplastic contamination both physically and physiologically. Here, we report on an area choice experiment (avoidance test) using Enchytraeus crypticus, in which we mixed different amounts of high-density polyethylene microplastic particles into the soil. In all experimental scenarios, more Enchytraeids moved to the unspiked sections or chose a lower MP-concentration. Worms in contact with MP exhibited an enhanced oxidative stress status, measured as the induced activity of the antioxidative enzymes catalase and glutathione S-transferase. As plastic polymers per se are nontoxic, the exposure time employed was too short for chemicals to leach from the microplastic, and as the microplastic particles used in these experiments were too large (4 mm) to be consumed by the Enchytraeids, the likely cause for the avoidance and oxidative stress could be linked to altered soil properties. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Toxics
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.subject microplastic
dc.subject Enchytraeus crypticus
dc.subject enchytraeids
dc.subject avoidance test
dc.subject toxicity
dc.subject oxidative stress
dc.subject catalase
dc.subject glutathione S-transferase
dc.subject OXIDATIVE STRESS
dc.subject PLASTIC ADDITIVES
dc.subject GAMMA-HCH
dc.subject ALBIDUS
dc.subject ORGANISMS
dc.subject MIGRATION
dc.subject TOXICITY
dc.subject EXPOSURE
dc.subject WATER
dc.subject TIME
dc.title Enchytraeus crypticus avoid soil spiked with microplastic en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Aquatic Ecotoxicology in an Urban Environment
dc.contributor.organization Teachers' Academy
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8010010
dc.relation.issn 2305-6304
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
38._Pflugmacher_2020_Enchitraeus_avoid.pdf 402.6Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record