Religious Unbelief in Three Western European Countries : Identifying and Characterizing Unbeliever Types Using Latent Class Analysis

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315089

Citation

Lindeman , M , van Elk , M , Lipsanen , J , Marin , P & Schjødt , U 2019 , ' Religious Unbelief in Three Western European Countries : Identifying and Characterizing Unbeliever Types Using Latent Class Analysis ' , International Journal for the Psychology of Religion , vol. 29 , no. 3 , pp. 184-203 . https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2019.1591140

Title: Religious Unbelief in Three Western European Countries : Identifying and Characterizing Unbeliever Types Using Latent Class Analysis
Author: Lindeman, Marjaana; van Elk, Michiel; Lipsanen, Jari; Marin, Pinja; Schjødt, Uffe
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-07-03
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
ISSN: 1050-8619
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315089
Abstract: The different forms of religious unbelief are still much of an open question. Using data (N = 4,404) from three European countries-Finland, Denmark, and the Netherlands-we sought to identify underlying unbeliever groups among those with the strongest disbelief in God (N = 2,258). Latent class analyses were conducted on the nontheistic supernatural beliefs of this subsection of participants, resulting in the same three unbeliever groups in each country: analytic atheists, spiritual but not religious (SBNR), and uncertain nonbelievers. Next, we explored these groups on a variety of dimensions, especially on the group members' attitudes to religion, certainty of beliefs, cognitive dispositions, and worldview. One-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) revealed similarities as well as distinct characters for each of the latent groups. The groups differed most in intuitive thinking style, overmentalizing bias, and other ontological confusions. To compare the latent groups to all other individuals who took part in the study, two discriminant analyses were run with all participants. This resulted in four meaningful dimensions that supported and extended the ANOVAs findings and allowed for the consideration of other (non)believers. Overall, this study supports earlier findings on analytic atheists and SBNR while providing new information about their dispositions. Of interest, the uncertain nonbeliever group has been largely unexplored previously, and it should gain more attention in future studies.
Subject: COGNITIVE REFLECTION
PARANORMAL BELIEFS
NEW-AGE
SPIRITUALITY
AUTISM
PERSONALITY
NONBELIEF
ATHEISM
SCIENCE
VALUES
515 Psychology
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Lindeman_ym._2019_Religious_unbelief_1_.pdf 405.0Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record