From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s

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Pysyväisosoite

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315662

Lähdeviite

Bergenheim , S 2020 , ' From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s ' , Science & technology studies , vol. 33 , no. 2 , pp. 120-138 . https://doi.org/10.23987/sts.60807

Julkaisun nimi: From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s
Tekijä: Bergenheim, Sophy
Muu tekijä: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
Päiväys: 2020-05-14
Kieli: eng
Sivumäärä: 19
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Science & technology studies
ISSN: 2243-4690
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315662
Tiivistelmä: This article examines how Väestöliitto, the Finnish Population and Family Welfare League, developed into a housing policy expert during the 1940s and 1950s. Through frame analysis, I outline how Väestöliitto constructed urbanisation and ‘barrack cities’, i.e. an urban, tenement-based environment, as a social problem and how, respectively, it framed ‘garden cities’ as a solution. In the 1940s, Väestöliitto promoted a national body for centralised housing policy and national planning. When the ARAVA laws (1949) turned out to be a mere financing system, Väestöliitto harnessed its expertise into more concrete action. In 1951, together with five other NGOs, Väestöliitto founded the Housing Foundation and embarked on a project for constructing a model city. This garden city became the residential suburb Tapiola. This marked a paradigm shift in Finnish town planning and housing policy, which had until then lacked a holistic and systematic approach. Along the 1940s–1950s, Väestöliitto thus constructed and developed its expertise from an influential interest organisation to a concrete housing policy actor.
Avainsanat: 5201 Political History
615 History and Archaeology
5141 Sociology
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