From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.author Bergenheim, Sophy
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-01T05:31:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-01T05:31:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-14
dc.identifier.citation Bergenheim , S 2020 , ' From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s ' , Science & technology studies , vol. 33 , no. 2 , pp. 120-138 . https://doi.org/10.23987/sts.60807 en
dc.identifier.issn 2243-4690
dc.identifier.other PURE: 124674076
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 0b9477ca-c6ba-4a66-9fdb-5ee9c8e31e20
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-9395-9258/work/79183785
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000534507300008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315662
dc.description.abstract This article examines how Väestöliitto, the Finnish Population and Family Welfare League, developed into a housing policy expert during the 1940s and 1950s. Through frame analysis, I outline how Väestöliitto constructed urbanisation and ‘barrack cities’, i.e. an urban, tenement-based environment, as a social problem and how, respectively, it framed ‘garden cities’ as a solution. In the 1940s, Väestöliitto promoted a national body for centralised housing policy and national planning. When the ARAVA laws (1949) turned out to be a mere financing system, Väestöliitto harnessed its expertise into more concrete action. In 1951, together with five other NGOs, Väestöliitto founded the Housing Foundation and embarked on a project for constructing a model city. This garden city became the residential suburb Tapiola. This marked a paradigm shift in Finnish town planning and housing policy, which had until then lacked a holistic and systematic approach. Along the 1940s–1950s, Väestöliitto thus constructed and developed its expertise from an influential interest organisation to a concrete housing policy actor. en
dc.format.extent 19
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Science & technology studies
dc.rights en
dc.subject 5201 Political History en
dc.subject 615 History and Archaeology en
dc.subject 5141 Sociology en
dc.title From barracks to garden cities : The Finnish Population and Family Welfare League as a housing policy expert in the 1940s and 1950s en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.23987/sts.60807
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl
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