Primates on the farm - spatial patterns of human-wildlife conflict in forest-agricultural landscape mosaic in Taita Hills, Kenya

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315667

Citation

Siljander , M , Kuronen , T , Johansson , T , Munyao , M N & Pellikka , P K E 2020 , ' Primates on the farm - spatial patterns of human-wildlife conflict in forest-agricultural landscape mosaic in Taita Hills, Kenya ' , Applied Geography , vol. 117 , 102185 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2020.102185

Title: Primates on the farm - spatial patterns of human-wildlife conflict in forest-agricultural landscape mosaic in Taita Hills, Kenya
Author: Siljander, Mika; Kuronen, Toini; Johansson, Tino; Munyao, Martha Nzisa; Pellikka, Petri K. E.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Earth Change Observation Laboratory (ECHOLAB)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Applied Geography
ISSN: 0143-6228
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315667
Abstract: Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is a growing concern for local communities living in the vicinity of protected areas. These conflicts commonly take place as attack by wild animals and crop-raiding events, among other forms. We studied crop-raiding patterns by non-human primates in forest-agricultural landscape mosaic in the Taita Hills, southeast Kenya. The study applies both qualitative and quantitative methods. Semi-structured questionnaire was used in the primary data collection from the households, and statistical tests were performed. We used applied geospatial methods to reveal spatial patterns of crop-raiding by primates and preventive actions by farmers. The results indicate most of the farms experienced crop-raiding on a weekly basis. Blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis) was the worst crop-raiding species and could be found in habitats covered by different land use/land cover types. Vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) and galagos crop-raided farms in areas with abundant tree canopy cover. Only few baboons (Papio cynocephalus) were reported to raid crops in the area. Results also show that the closer a farm is to the forest boundary and the less neighbouring farms there are between the farm and the forest, the more vulnerable it is for crop-raiding by blue monkeys, but not by any other studied primate species. The study could not show that a specific type of food crop in a farm or type of land use/land cover inside the wildlife corridor between the farmland and the forest boundary explain households' vulnerability to crop-raiding by primates. Preventive actions against crop-raiding by farmers where taken all around the studied area in various forms. Most of the studied households rely on subsistence farming as their main livelihood and therefore crop-raiding by primates is a serious threat to their food security in the area.
Subject: Human-wildlife conflict
Crop-raiding
Human-primate conflict
Food security
Vulnerability
Primates
NATIONAL-PARK
NONHUMAN-PRIMATES
PROTECTED AREAS
CROP-DAMAGE
LAND-COVER
PERCEPTIONS
CONSERVATION
RESERVE
BIODIVERSITY
MONKEYS
1172 Environmental sciences
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
1_s2.0_S0143622819308112_main.pdf 4.616Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record