Personality, disability-free life years, and life expectancy : Individual participant meta-analysis of 131,195 individuals from 10 cohort studies

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315676

Citation

Jokela , M , Airaksinen , J , Virtanen , M , Batty , G D , Kivimaki , M & Hakulinen , C 2020 , ' Personality, disability-free life years, and life expectancy : Individual participant meta-analysis of 131,195 individuals from 10 cohort studies ' , Journal of Personality , vol. 88 , no. 3 , pp. 596-605 . https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12513

Title: Personality, disability-free life years, and life expectancy : Individual participant meta-analysis of 131,195 individuals from 10 cohort studies
Author: Jokela, Markus; Airaksinen, Jaakko; Virtanen, Marianna; Batty, G. David; Kivimaki, Mika; Hakulinen, Christian
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
Date: 2020-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Journal of Personality
ISSN: 0022-3506
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315676
Abstract: Objective We examined how personality traits of the Five Factor Model were related to years of healthy life years lost (mortality and disability) for individuals and the population. Method Participants were 131,195 individuals from 10 cohort studies from Australia, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States (n = 43,935 from seven cohort studies for the longitudinal analysis of disability, assessed using scales of Activities of Daily Living). Results Lower Conscientiousness was associated with higher mortality and disability risk, but only when Conscientiousness was below its median level. If the excess risk associated with low Conscientiousness had been absent, population life expectancy would have been 1.3 years longer and disability-free life 1.0 years longer. Lower emotional stability was related to shorter life expectancy, but only among those in the lowest 15% of the distribution, and disability throughout the distribution: if the excess risk associated with low emotional stability had been absent, population life expectancy would have been 0.4 years longer and disability-free life 2.4 years longer. Conclusions Personality traits of low Conscientiousness and low emotional stability are associated with reduced healthy life expectancy of individuals and population.
Subject: disability
longevity
meta-analysis
mortality
personality
ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
POOLED ANALYSIS
MENTAL-DISORDERS
RISK-FACTORS
TRAITS
HEALTH
ASSOCIATION
DISEASES
ADULTS
5144 Social psychology
515 Psychology
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Personality_dis ... from_10_cohort_studies.pdf 308.8Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record