The professional and personal characteristics of effective psychotherapists : a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Heinonen, Erkki
dc.contributor.author Nissen-Lie, Helene A.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-01T13:53:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-17T22:45:52Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-18
dc.identifier.citation Heinonen , E & Nissen-Lie , H A 2020 , ' The professional and personal characteristics of effective psychotherapists : a systematic review ' , Psychotherapy Research , vol. 30 , no. 4 , pp. 417-432 . https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2019.1620366
dc.identifier.other PURE: 125127609
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: f72f4318-5d4b-4b2b-bb38-6086264d8245
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000469532800001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315679
dc.description.abstract Objective: Psychotherapists differ notably in the outcomes their patients achieve, and the characteristics that may explain these differences have attracted increasing interest. We systematically review studies on therapist pre-treatment characteristics predicting patient outcomes. Method: Systematic searches on databases for psychotherapy research, clinical psychology, and medical science for the years 2000-2018 identified published research examining therapist characteristics and psychotherapy outcomes. Of 2041 studies, 31 met inclusion criteria. Results: Findings show a few direct effects of therapist intrapersonal variables (e.g., self-relatedness, attachment) and several interaction effects with other constructs (e.g., patient pathology) on outcome. There is little support for the relevance of self-rated social skills. However, more consistent evidence has recently emerged for performance-based measurements of professional interpersonal skills, especially when elicited in challenging situations. Patient outcomes were also predicted by therapists' self-rated professional characteristics, such as their experienced difficulties in practice, coping mechanisms, and attitudes towards therapeutic work, indicating that therapist self-perception also matters, although not always in the direction expected. Conclusions: More effective therapists seem characterized by professionally cultivated interpersonal capacities, which are likely rooted in their personal lives and attachment history. Research guidelines are proposed for moving this field forward (including larger samples, multilevel modeling, and in-depth qualitative work). en
dc.format.extent 16
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Psychotherapy Research
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject therapist characteristics
dc.subject therapist effects
dc.subject outcome
dc.subject systematic review
dc.subject FACILITATIVE INTERPERSONAL SKILLS
dc.subject THERAPIST ATTACHMENT STYLE
dc.subject COUNTERTRANSFERENCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject PSYCHODYNAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
dc.subject EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
dc.subject PATIENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject ALLIANCE
dc.subject PREDICTORS
dc.subject RESPONSIVENESS
dc.subject MINDFULNESS
dc.subject 515 Psychology
dc.title The professional and personal characteristics of effective psychotherapists : a systematic review en
dc.type Review Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Psychology and Logopedics
dc.contributor.organization Medicum
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2019.1620366
dc.relation.issn 1050-3307
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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