A microbial functional group-based CH4 model integrated into a terrestrial ecosystem model : model structure, site-level evaluation and sensitivity analysis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315705

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Song , C , Luan , J , Xu , X , Ma , M , Aurela , M , Lohila , A , Mammarella , I , Alekseychik , P , Tuittila , E-S , Gong , W , Chen , X , Meng , X & Yuan , W 2020 , ' A microbial functional group-based CH4 model integrated into a terrestrial ecosystem model : model structure, site-level evaluation and sensitivity analysis ' , Journal of advances in modeling earth systems , vol. 12 , no. 4 , ARTN e2019MS001867 . https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001867

Title: A microbial functional group-based CH4 model integrated into a terrestrial ecosystem model : model structure, site-level evaluation and sensitivity analysis
Author: Song, Chaoqing; Luan, Junwei; Xu, Xiaofeng; Ma, Minna; Aurela, Mika; Lohila, Annalea; Mammarella, Ivan; Alekseychik, Pavel; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Gong, Wei; Chen, Xiuzhi; Meng, Xianhong; Yuan, Wenping
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Meteorological Institute
University of Helsinki, INAR Physics
University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 27
Belongs to series: Journal of advances in modeling earth systems
ISSN: 1942-2466
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315705
Abstract: Wetlands are one of the most important terrestrial ecosystems for land-atmosphere CH4 exchange. A new process-based, biophysical model to quantify CH4 emissions from natural wetlands was developed and integrated into a terrestrial ecosystem model (Integrated Biosphere Simulator). The new model represents a multisubstance system (CH4, O-2, CO2, and H-2) and describes CH4 production, oxidation, and three transport processes (diffusion, plant-mediated transport, and ebullition). The new model uses several critical microbial mechanisms to represent the interaction of anaerobic fermenters and homoacetogens, hydrogenotrophic, and acetoclastic methanogens, and methanotrophs in CH4 production and oxidation. We applied the model to 24 different wetlands globally to compare the simulated CH4 emissions to observations and conducted a sensitivity analysis. The results indicated that (1) for most sites, the model was able to capture the magnitude and variation of observed CH4 emissions under varying environmental conditions; (2) the parameters that regulate dissolved organic carbon and acetate production, and acetoclastic methanogenesis had the significant impact on simulated CH4 emissions; (3) the representation of the process components of CH4 cycling showed that CH4 oxidation was about half or more of CH4 production, and plant-mediated transport was the dominant pathway at most sites; and (4) the seasonality of simulated CH4 emissions can be controlled by soil temperature, water table position, or combinations thereof.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
WETLAND METHANE EMISSIONS
EMERGENT AQUATIC MACROPHYTES
EDDY COVARIANCE MEASUREMENTS
NATURAL WETLANDS
CARBON-DIOXIDE
GAS-TRANSPORT
RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS
BIOGEOCHEMISTRY MODEL
PEAT SOILS
FLUXES
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