Evaluation of criminal sanctions concerning violations of cattle and pig welfare

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Research Centre for Animal Welfare en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH) en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH) en
dc.contributor.author Väärikkälä, Sofia
dc.contributor.author Koskela, Tarja
dc.contributor.author Hänninen, Laura
dc.contributor.author Nevas, Mari
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-02T12:54:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-02T12:54:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-04-19
dc.identifier.citation Väärikkälä , S , Koskela , T , Hänninen , L & Nevas , M 2020 , ' Evaluation of criminal sanctions concerning violations of cattle and pig welfare ' , Animals , vol. 10 , no. 4 , 715 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040715 en
dc.identifier.issn 2076-2615
dc.identifier.other PURE: 134591134
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 279769bc-d420-48f5-9863-79d7ec6c681d
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000531832800172
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-5118-8451/work/75462673
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0391-5068/work/75463210
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315709
dc.description.abstract EU legislation requires the violations of animal welfare standards to be sanctioned. Our aim was to evaluate criminal sanctions concerning violations of cattle and pig welfare on Finnish farms. We analysed 196 court cases heard in Finnish district courts from 2011 to 2016. Almost all the cases (95%) concerned the violations of cattle welfare, of which 61% occurred on small farms. The lack of cleanliness and inadequate feeding and watering were the most common reported violations. The median time span from the known start date of the crime to the judgement was nearly two years. Of the cases, 96% resulted in conviction. The court did not perceive the violations as being highly blameworthy as a small fine and a short conditional imprisonment were the most often imposed sanctions. A ban on the keeping of animals was used as a precautionary measure in half of the cases. Veterinarians were shown to have an important role in the initiation of criminal procedures, providing evidence for the police and acting as witnesses. Therefore, it is crucial to achieve a well-functioning collaboration between veterinarians and the police and prosecutors. The expertise of these authorities on animal welfare legislation should also be emphasized to improve the efficacy of the criminal procedures. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Animals
dc.rights en
dc.subject 413 Veterinary science en
dc.subject Animal welfare en
dc.subject cattle en
dc.subject pig en
dc.subject 513 Law en
dc.subject Criminal law en
dc.subject criminal sanction en
dc.subject crime en
dc.title Evaluation of criminal sanctions concerning violations of cattle and pig welfare en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040715
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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