Measurements and modeling of airborne plutonium in Subarctic Finland between 1965 and 2011

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316047

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Salminen-Paatero , S , Vira , J & Paatero , J 2020 , ' Measurements and modeling of airborne plutonium in Subarctic Finland between 1965 and 2011 ' , Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 20 , no. 9 , pp. 5759–5769 . https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-5759-2020

Title: Measurements and modeling of airborne plutonium in Subarctic Finland between 1965 and 2011
Author: Salminen-Paatero, Susanna; Vira, Julius; Paatero, Jussi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
Date: 2020-05-14
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
ISSN: 1680-7316
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316047
Abstract: The activity concentrations of Pu-238,Pu-239,Pu-240 and Am-241 (for determining its mother nuclide, Pu-241) as well as activity ratios of Pu-238/Pu239+240, Pu-241/Pu239+240 and Pu239+240/Cs-137 and the mass ratio of Pu-240/Pu-239 were determined from air filter samples collected in Rovaniemi (Finnish Lapland) in 1965 to 2011. The origin of plutonium in surface air was assessed based on these data from long time series. The most important Pu sources in the surface air of Rovaniemi were atmospheric nuclear-weapon testing in the 1950s and 1960s, later nuclear tests in 1973-1980 and the SNAP-9A satellite accident in 1964, whereas the influence from the 1986 Chernobyl accident was only minor. Contrary to the alpha-emitting Pu isotopes, Pu-241 from the Fukushima accident in 2011 was detected in Rovaniemi. Dispersion modeling results with the SILAM (System for Integrated modeLling of Atmospheric composition) model indicate that Pu contamination in northern Finland due to hypothetical reactor accidents would be negligible in the case of a floating reactor in the Shtokman natural gas field and relatively low in the case of an intended nuclear power plant in western Finland.
Subject: 116 Chemical sciences
Plutonium
atmospheric radioactivity
Chernobyl
Fukushima
radioecology
Subarctic Finland
ISOTOPE RATIOS
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