Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter

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Oinonen , M , Alenius , T , Arppe , L , Bocherens , H , Etu-Sihvola , H , Helama , S , Huhtamaa , H , Lahtinen , M , Mannermaa , K , Onkamo , P , Palo , J , Sajantila , A , Salo , K , Sundell , T , Vanhanen , S & Wessman , A 2020 , ' Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter ' , PLoS One , vol. 15 , no. 4 , 0231787 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231787

Title: Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter
Author: Oinonen, Markku; Alenius, Teija; Arppe, Laura; Bocherens, Hervé; Etu-Sihvola, Heli; Helama, Samuli; Huhtamaa, Heli; Lahtinen, Maria; Mannermaa, Kristiina; Onkamo, Päivi; Palo, Jukka; Sajantila, Antti; Salo, Kati; Sundell, Tarja; Vanhanen, Santeri; Wessman, Anna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Unit of Biodiversity Informatics
University of Helsinki, Archaeology
University of Helsinki, Natural Sciences Unit
University of Helsinki, Natural Sciences Unit
University of Helsinki, University Management
University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
University of Helsinki, Department of Cultures
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine
University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine
University of Helsinki, Department of Cultures
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts
University of Helsinki, Archaeology
Date: 2020-04-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 27
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316265
Abstract: Levanluhta is a unique archaeological site with the remains of nearly a hundred Iron Age individuals found from a water burial in Ostrobothnia, Finland. The strongest climatic downturn of the Common Era, resembling the great Fimbulvinter in Norse mythology, hit these people during the 6th century AD. This study establishes chronological, dietary, and livelihood synthesis on this population based on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic and radiocarbon analyses on human remains, supported by multidisciplinary evidence. Extraordinarily broad stable isotopic distribution is observed, indicating three subgroups with distinct dietary habits spanning four centuries. This emphasizes the versatile livelihoods practiced at this boundary of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems. While the impact of the prolonged cold darkness of the 6th century was devastating for European communities relying on cultivation, the broad range of livelihoods provided resilience for the Levanluhta people to overcome the abrupt climatic decline.
Subject: CARBON
DIET
INDICATORS
ISOTOPES
LIFE-HISTORIES
PALAEODIETARY
RATIOS
RECONSTRUCTION
SWEDEN
VOLCANIC-ERUPTIONS
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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