Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter

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Oinonen , M , Alenius , T , Arppe , L , Bocherens , H , Etu-Sihvola , H , Helama , S , Huhtamaa , H , Lahtinen , M , Mannermaa , K , Onkamo , P , Palo , J , Sajantila , A , Salo , K , Sundell , T , Vanhanen , S & Wessman , A 2020 , ' Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter ' , PLoS One , vol. 15 , no. 4 , 0231787 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231787

Title: Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter
Author: Oinonen, Markku; Alenius, Teija; Arppe, Laura; Bocherens, Hervé; Etu-Sihvola, Heli; Helama, Samuli; Huhtamaa, Heli; Lahtinen, Maria; Mannermaa, Kristiina; Onkamo, Päivi; Palo, Jukka; Sajantila, Antti; Salo, Kati; Sundell, Tarja; Vanhanen, Santeri; Wessman, Anna
Contributor organization: Unit of Biodiversity Informatics
Natural Sciences Unit
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Finnish Museum of Natural History
University Management
Department of Cultures
Onkamo Research Group
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Department of Forensic Medicine
Department of Philosophy, History and Art Studies
Institute of Biotechnology
Faculty of Arts
PaleOmics Laboratory
Date: 2020-04-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 27
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231787
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316265
Abstract: Levanluhta is a unique archaeological site with the remains of nearly a hundred Iron Age individuals found from a water burial in Ostrobothnia, Finland. The strongest climatic downturn of the Common Era, resembling the great Fimbulvinter in Norse mythology, hit these people during the 6th century AD. This study establishes chronological, dietary, and livelihood synthesis on this population based on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic and radiocarbon analyses on human remains, supported by multidisciplinary evidence. Extraordinarily broad stable isotopic distribution is observed, indicating three subgroups with distinct dietary habits spanning four centuries. This emphasizes the versatile livelihoods practiced at this boundary of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems. While the impact of the prolonged cold darkness of the 6th century was devastating for European communities relying on cultivation, the broad range of livelihoods provided resilience for the Levanluhta people to overcome the abrupt climatic decline.
Subject: CARBON
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion
Funder: Unknown funder
Grant number:

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