Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter

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dc.contributor.author Oinonen, Markku
dc.contributor.author Alenius, Teija
dc.contributor.author Arppe, Laura
dc.contributor.author Bocherens, Hervé
dc.contributor.author Etu-Sihvola, Heli
dc.contributor.author Helama, Samuli
dc.contributor.author Huhtamaa, Heli
dc.contributor.author Lahtinen, Maria
dc.contributor.author Mannermaa, Kristiina
dc.contributor.author Onkamo, Päivi
dc.contributor.author Palo, Jukka
dc.contributor.author Sajantila, Antti
dc.contributor.author Salo, Kati
dc.contributor.author Sundell, Tarja
dc.contributor.author Vanhanen, Santeri
dc.contributor.author Wessman, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-18T08:31:02Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-18T08:31:02Z
dc.date.issued 2020-04-21
dc.identifier.citation Oinonen , M , Alenius , T , Arppe , L , Bocherens , H , Etu-Sihvola , H , Helama , S , Huhtamaa , H , Lahtinen , M , Mannermaa , K , Onkamo , P , Palo , J , Sajantila , A , Salo , K , Sundell , T , Vanhanen , S & Wessman , A 2020 , ' Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter ' , PLoS One , vol. 15 , no. 4 , 0231787 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231787
dc.identifier.other PURE: 135904577
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 83c92dbe-1d37-4467-833f-895d9998ee68
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:0985AB2B80BC5386E21302F3B064E5C2
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000536024800055
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0881-7643/work/75944135
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-2965-5177/work/75944964
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-6886-5455/work/75945494
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0101-8638/work/75945704
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-8510-1120/work/75946203
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-6669-797X/work/75946984
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5766-1665/work/75947281
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-4445-6096/work/90051664
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316265
dc.description.abstract Levanluhta is a unique archaeological site with the remains of nearly a hundred Iron Age individuals found from a water burial in Ostrobothnia, Finland. The strongest climatic downturn of the Common Era, resembling the great Fimbulvinter in Norse mythology, hit these people during the 6th century AD. This study establishes chronological, dietary, and livelihood synthesis on this population based on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic and radiocarbon analyses on human remains, supported by multidisciplinary evidence. Extraordinarily broad stable isotopic distribution is observed, indicating three subgroups with distinct dietary habits spanning four centuries. This emphasizes the versatile livelihoods practiced at this boundary of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems. While the impact of the prolonged cold darkness of the 6th century was devastating for European communities relying on cultivation, the broad range of livelihoods provided resilience for the Levanluhta people to overcome the abrupt climatic decline. en
dc.format.extent 27
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject CARBON
dc.subject DIET
dc.subject INDICATORS
dc.subject ISOTOPES
dc.subject LIFE-HISTORIES
dc.subject PALAEODIETARY
dc.subject RATIOS
dc.subject RECONSTRUCTION
dc.subject SWEDEN
dc.subject VOLCANIC-ERUPTIONS
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title Buried in water, burdened by nature-Resilience carried the Iron Age people through Fimbulvinter en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Unit of Biodiversity Informatics
dc.contributor.organization Natural Sciences Unit
dc.contributor.organization Archaeology
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Finnish Museum of Natural History
dc.contributor.organization University Management
dc.contributor.organization Department of Cultures
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.contributor.organization Genetics
dc.contributor.organization Onkamo Research Group
dc.contributor.organization Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Department of Forensic Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Department of Philosophy, History and Art Studies
dc.contributor.organization Institute of Biotechnology
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Arts
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231787
dc.relation.issn 1932-6203
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.relation.funder Unknown funder
dc.relation.grantnumber

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