Effectiveness of Technology-Based Distance Physical Rehabilitation Interventions for Improving Physical Functioning in Stroke : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

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Rintala , A , Päivärinne , V , Hakala , S , Paltamaa , J , Heinonen , A , Karvanen , J & Sjögren , T 2019 , ' Effectiveness of Technology-Based Distance Physical Rehabilitation Interventions for Improving Physical Functioning in Stroke : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials ' , Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , vol. 100 , no. 7 , pp. 1339-1358 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.007

Title: Effectiveness of Technology-Based Distance Physical Rehabilitation Interventions for Improving Physical Functioning in Stroke : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Author: Rintala, Aki; Päivärinne, Ville; Hakala, Sanna; Paltamaa, Jaana; Heinonen, Ari; Karvanen, Juha; Sjögren, Tuulikki
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Musculoskeletal and Plastic Surgery
Date: 2019-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
ISSN: 0003-9993
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316730
Abstract: Objective: To study the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical functioning in stroke. Data Sources: A systematic literature search was conducted in 6 databases from January 2000 to May 2018. Study Selection: Inclusion criteria applied the patient, intervention, comparison, outcome, study design framework as follows: (P) stroke; (I) technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions; (C) any comparison without the use of technology; (0) physical functioning; (S) randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The search identified in total 693 studies, and the screening of 162 full-text studies revealed 13 eligible studies. Data Extraction: The studies were screened using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines and assessed for methodological quality and quality of evidence. Meta-analysis was performed if applicable. Data Synthesis: A total of 13 studies were included, and online video monitoring was the most used technology. Seven outcomes of physical functioning were identified-activities of daily living (ADL), upper extremity functioning, lower extremity functioning, balance, walking, physical activity, and participation. A meta-analysis of 6 RCTs indicated that technology-based distance physical rehabilitation had a similar effect on ADL (standard mean difference 0.06; 95% confidence interval: -0.22 to 0.35, P=.67) compared to the combination of traditional treatments (usual care, similar and other treatment). Similar results were obtained for other outcomes, except inconsistent findings were noted for walking. Methodological quality of the studies and quality of evidence were considered low. Conclusions: The findings suggest that the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical functioning might be similar compared to traditional treatments in stroke. Further research should be performed to confirm the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions for improving physical functioning of persons with stroke. (C) 2018 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
Subject: Rehabilitation
Remote rehabilitation
Stroke
Systematic review
Technology
VIRTUAL-REALITY
UPPER-LIMB
FOLLOW-UP
HOME
TELEREHABILITATION
THERAPY
QUALITY
CARE
DISABILITY
STATEMENT
315 Sport and fitness sciences
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