Childhood adversity and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older Chinese : results from China health and retirement longitudinal study

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Yang , L , Hu , Y , Silventoinen , K & Martikainen , P 2020 , ' Childhood adversity and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older Chinese : results from China health and retirement longitudinal study ' , Aging & Mental Health , vol. 24 , no. 6 , pp. 923-931 . https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1569589

Title: Childhood adversity and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older Chinese : results from China health and retirement longitudinal study
Author: Yang, Lei; Hu, Yaoyue; Silventoinen, Karri; Martikainen, Pekka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Sociology
University of Helsinki, Demography
Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Aging & Mental Health
ISSN: 1360-7863
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316985
Abstract: Objectives: A number of studies have established the link between childhood adversity (CA) and depression across the life span. This association can be culturally specific, and it remains unclear whether and how different aspects of CA affect depressive symptoms in later life in non-Western societies. Method: Data were from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2011, 2013, 2014 (Life Event History survey) and 2015 (N = 13,710). Depressive symptoms were measured repeatedly in 2011, 2013, and 2015 using the ten-item Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10). CA was assessed in 2014 by parental physical abuse, maternal emotional neglect, early parental death, parental mental health problems, poor quality of parental relationship, and childhood socioeconomic disadvantage. Multilevel linear models were used to analyse the data. Results: Parental physical abuse was associated with 0.51 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.28, 0.74) and 0.59 (95% CI: 0.31, 0.88) higher CES-D-10 scores compared to those without such abuse experience for men and women, respectively. Emotional neglect predicted 0.30 (95% CI: 0.07, 0.51) and 0.33 (95% CI: 0.08, 0.58) higher CES-D-10 scores for men and women. Elevated CES-D-10 scores were also found among men and women whose parents had poor mental health and poor relationship, and those who experienced food inadequacy (men: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.54, 1.01; women: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.90, 1.41). Early parental death nevertheless was not associated with CES-D-10 scores. Conclusion: CA exerts long-term detrimental effects on mental health in mid- and late-life among Chinese adults. The findings are consistent with those from Western societies, except for early parental death.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
childhood adversity
mid- and late-life depressive symptoms
CHARLS
childhood abuse
NEGATIVE LIFE EVENTS
MAJOR DEPRESSION
MENTAL-DISORDERS
PHYSICAL ABUSE
SHORT-FORM
FAMILY
ADULTS
RISK
EXPERIENCES
VIOLENCE
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