Sociocognitive factors associated with lifestyle intervention attrition after successful weight loss among participants with prediabetes—The PREVIEW study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317035

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Huttunen-Lenz , M , Raben , A , Meinert-Larsen , T , Drummen , M , Macdonald , I , Martínez , J A , Handjieva-Darlenska , T , Poppitt , S D , Jalo , E , Muirhead , R & Schlicht , W 2020 , ' Sociocognitive factors associated with lifestyle intervention attrition after successful weight loss among participants with prediabetes—The PREVIEW study ' , Public Health Nursing , vol. 37 , no. 3 , pp. 393-404 . https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12718

Title: Sociocognitive factors associated with lifestyle intervention attrition after successful weight loss among participants with prediabetes—The PREVIEW study
Author: Huttunen-Lenz, Maija; Raben, Anne; Meinert-Larsen, Thomas; Drummen, Mathijs; Macdonald, Ian; Martínez, José Alfredo; Handjieva-Darlenska, Teodora; Poppitt, Sally D.; Jalo, Elli; Muirhead, Roslyn; Schlicht, Wolfgang
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Public Health Nursing
ISSN: 0737-1209
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317035
Abstract: Abstract Introduction Major risk factors for type 2 diabetes are lifestyle choices such as lack of physical activity (PA) and poor diet. Many individuals either do not take part or struggle to complete interventions supporting lifestyle changes. Demographic and theory-based sociocognitive factors associated with PREVIEW intervention attrition after successful weight loss were examined. Methods Participants (1,856) who started the weight maintenance phase after completion of low-energy diet were retrospectively divided into three clusters depending on the point they left the trial. Discriminant analysis examined which demographic and theory-based sociocognitive variables were associated with cluster membership. Results Most of the participants were women and well-educated. Two discriminant functions were calculated (?2(24) = 247.0, p ≥ .05, d = 0.78). The demographic variables, such as age and ethnicity, and the social cognitive variable outcome expectancies on the other side were associated with cluster membership. Older age, Caucasian ethnicity, and fewer expected disadvantages of PA were associated with high success. Discussion The discriminant model gave insight into some factors associated with early attrition. For practitioners planning interventions it underlines the necessity to take extra attention to younger participants and to those being afraid that being physically active causes unpleasant ramifications.
Subject: attrition
completion
diabetes type 2
lifestyle
social-cognitive
SELF-EFFICACY
HEALTH BEHAVIOR
PREDICTORS
DIABETES PREVENTION
PREVALENCE
3143 Nutrition
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