Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes

Show simple item record Bowler, Diana E. Bjorkman, Anne D. Dornelas, Maria Myers-Smith, Isla H. Navarro, Laetitia M. Niamir, Aidin Supp, Sarah R. Waldock, Conor Winter, Marten Vellend, Mark Blowes, Shane A. Böhning-Gaese, Katrin Bruelheide, Helge Elahi, Robin Antão, Laura H. Hines, Jes Isbell, Forest Jones, Holly P. Magurran, Anne E. Cabral, Juliano Sarmento Bates, Amanda E. 2020-06-30T11:21:02Z 2020-06-30T11:21:02Z 2020-06
dc.identifier.citation Bowler , D E , Bjorkman , A D , Dornelas , M , Myers-Smith , I H , Navarro , L M , Niamir , A , Supp , S R , Waldock , C , Winter , M , Vellend , M , Blowes , S A , Böhning-Gaese , K , Bruelheide , H , Elahi , R , Antão , L H , Hines , J , Isbell , F , Jones , H P , Magurran , A E , Cabral , J S & Bates , A E 2020 , ' Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes ' , People and Nature , vol. 2 , no. 2 , pp. 380-394 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 132986162
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: b3a0afd8-e79a-4a20-8d9d-bacfa36bd130
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:108A56CBE29189A292AAADA87E592174
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-6612-9366/work/76727745
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000647695600011
dc.description.abstract Abstract Climate change and other anthropogenic drivers of biodiversity change are unequally distributed across the world. Overlap in the distributions of different drivers have important implications for biodiversity change attribution and the potential for interactive effects. However, the spatial relationships among different drivers and whether they differ between the terrestrial and marine realm has yet to be examined. We compiled global gridded datasets on climate change, land-use, resource exploitation, pollution, alien species potential and human population density. We used multivariate statistics to examine the spatial relationships among the drivers and to characterize the typical combinations of drivers experienced by different regions of the world. We found stronger positive correlations among drivers in the terrestrial than in the marine realm, leading to areas with high intensities of multiple drivers on land. Climate change tended to be negatively correlated with other drivers in the terrestrial realm (e.g. in the tundra and boreal forest with high climate change but low human use and pollution), whereas the opposite was true in the marine realm (e.g. in the Indo-Pacific with high climate change and high fishing). We show that different regions of the world can be defined by Anthropogenic Threat Complexes (ATCs), distinguished by different sets of drivers with varying intensities. We identify 11 ATCs that can be used to test hypotheses about patterns of biodiversity and ecosystem change, especially about the joint effects of multiple drivers. Our global analysis highlights the broad conservation priorities needed to mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic change, with different priorities emerging on land and in the ocean, and in different parts of the world. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof People and Nature
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Anthropocene
dc.subject biodiversity threats
dc.subject direct drivers
dc.subject global change
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Research Centre for Ecological Change
dc.contributor.organization Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 2575-8314
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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