Bioactive properties of streptomyces may affect the dominance of Tricholoma matsutake in shiro

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Vaario , L-M , Asamizu , S , Sarjala , T , Matsushita , N , Onaka , H , Xia , Y , Kurokochi , H , Morinaga , S-I , Huang , J , Zhang , S & Lian , C 2020 , ' Bioactive properties of streptomyces may affect the dominance of Tricholoma matsutake in shiro ' , Symbiosis. , vol. 81 , no. 1 , pp. 1-13 .

Title: Bioactive properties of streptomyces may affect the dominance of Tricholoma matsutake in shiro
Author: Vaario, Lu-Min; Asamizu, Shumpei; Sarjala, Tytti; Matsushita, Norihisa; Onaka, Hiroyasu; Xia, Yan; Kurokochi, Hiroyuki; Morinaga, Shin-Ichi; Huang, Jian; Zhang, Shijie; Lian, Chunlan
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Symbiosis.
ISSN: 0334-5114
Abstract: Tricholoma matsutake is known to be the dominant fungal species in matsutake fruitbody neighboring (shiro) soil. To understand the mechanisms behind matsutake dominance, we studied the bacterial communities in matsutake dominant shiro soil and non-shiro soil, isolated the strains of Streptomyces from matsutake mycorrhizal root tips both from shiro soil and from the Pinus densiflora seedlings cultivated in shiro soil. Further, we investigated three Streptomyces spp. for their ability to inhibit fungal growth and Pinus densiflora seedling root elongation as well as two strains for their antifungal and antioxidative properties. Our results showed that Actinobacteria was the most abundant phylum in shiro soil. However, the differences in the Actinobacterial community composition (phylum or order level) between shiro and non-shiro soils were not significant, as indicated by PERMANOVA analyses. A genus belonging to Actinobacteria, Streptomyces, was present on the matsutake mycorrhizas, although in minority. The two antifungal assays revealed that the broths of three Streptomyces spp. had either inhibitory, neutral or promoting effects on the growth of different forest soil fungi as well as on the root elongation of the seedlings. The extracts of two strains, including one isolated from the P. densiflora seedlings, inhibited the growth of either pathogenic or ectomycorrhizal fungi. The effect depended on the medium used to cultivate the strains, but not the solvent used for the extraction. Two Streptomyces spp. showed antioxidant activity in one out of three assays used, in a ferric reducing antioxidant power assay. The observed properties seem to have several functions in matsutake shiro soil and they may contribute to the protection of the shiro area for T. matsutake dominance.
Subject: Antifungal
11831 Plant biology
11832 Microbiology and virology

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