Land Use/Land Cover Mapping Using Multitemporal Sentinel-2 Imagery and Four Classification Methods-A Case Study from Dak Nong, Vietnam

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317823

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Huong Thi Thanh Nguyen , Trung Minh Doan , , Tomppo , E & McRoberts , R E 2020 , ' Land Use/Land Cover Mapping Using Multitemporal Sentinel-2 Imagery and Four Classification Methods-A Case Study from Dak Nong, Vietnam ' , Remote Sensing , vol. 12 , no. 9 , 1367 . https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12091367

Title: Land Use/Land Cover Mapping Using Multitemporal Sentinel-2 Imagery and Four Classification Methods-A Case Study from Dak Nong, Vietnam
Author: Huong Thi Thanh Nguyen,; Trung Minh Doan,; Tomppo, Erkki; McRoberts, Ronald E.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 27
Belongs to series: Remote Sensing
ISSN: 2072-4292
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317823
Abstract: Information on land use and land cover (LULC) including forest cover is important for the development of strategies for land planning and management. Satellite remotely sensed data of varying resolutions have been an unmatched source of such information that can be used to produce estimates with a greater degree of confidence than traditional inventory estimates. However, use of these data has always been a challenge in tropical regions owing to the complexity of the biophysical environment, clouds, and haze, and atmospheric moisture content, all of which impede accurate LULC classification. We tested a parametric classifier (logistic regression) and three non-parametric machine learning classifiers (improved k-nearest neighbors, random forests, and support vector machine) for classification of multi-temporal Sentinel 2 satellite imagery into LULC categories in Dak Nong province, Vietnam. A total of 446 images, 235 from the year 2017 and 211 from the year 2018, were pre-processed to gain high quality images for mapping LULC in the 6516 km(2) study area. The Sentinel 2 images were tested and classified separately for four temporal periods: (i) dry season, (ii) rainy season, (iii) the entirety of the year 2017, and (iv) the combination of dry and rainy seasons. Eleven different LULC classes were discriminated of which five were forest classes. For each combination of temporal image set and classifier, a confusion matrix was constructed using independent reference data and pixel classifications, and the area on the ground of each class was estimated. For overall temporal periods and classifiers, overall accuracy ranged from 63.9% to 80.3%, and the Kappa coefficient ranged from 0.611 to 0.813. Area estimates for individual classes ranged from 70 km(2) (1% of the study area) to 2200 km(2) (34% of the study area) with greater uncertainties for smaller classes.
Subject: classification
Sentinel 2
land use land cover
improved k-NN
logistic regression
random forest
support vector machine
TIME-SERIES
FOREST VARIABLES
ACCURACY
ALGORITHMS
SELECTION
SUPPORT
REGION
METAANALYSIS
CLASSIFIERS
MAPS
1171 Geosciences
119 Other natural sciences
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